Berdyaev bibliography

A bibliography of works by Nicolas Berdyaev and about him and his work, as at 2002

This bibliographic project grew from research for my essay on revelation Berdyaev’s religious philosophy. I have tried comprehensively to identify translations of Berdyaev’s writings into English and secondary materials in English about Berdyaev and his work. This bibliography, which has not be updated since 2002, lists 130 English translations of Berdyaev and 422 secondary sources in English and other Western European languages.

The bibliography partly duplicates the work of others, as there are standard bibliographies of primary Berdyaev materials and of secondary materials to 1992.1. However these were published in very limited runs, not obtainable from an Australian library or through the used book trade.

The list of primary sources relies considerably on Stephen Janos’s listing of translations of Berdyaev into English, including his own.2 Vallon also has a significant bibliography, especially of primary works, in his 1960 biography of Berdyaev.3 I have added some items found elsewhere.

My listing of secondary materials began with a series of searches of electronic bibliographic databases.4 Additional items, especially theses, were found by searching the Internet catalogues of leading national5 and university6 libraries. This work was complemented by an exhaustive general search of the Internet using search engines and other links. The bibliography of secondary materials is incomplete, as pre-1945 materials must be identified piecemeal using paper based sources. Nonetheless, I believe the bibliography to be reasonably complete for published material in English. Coverage of unpublished theses, especially British theses, is not complete.7 Short book reviews are excluded.

Coverage of materials in other Western European languages covers commonly cited sources, but does not purport to be comprehensive—a thorough check of German, French, Italian, etc. periodical indices would be required for this. The gaping omission in the bibliography is, of course, materials in Russian; in part due to time constraints, but also because of a lack of readily available indices to Russian sources. There has been a revival of interest in Berdyaev in post-communist Russia and some of his books are being published or republished there. 8 The YMCA Press in Paris has published in Russian a four volume ‘Complete works’ of Berdyaev’s essays.9

  1. T. Klépinine. Bibliographie des oeuvres de Nicolas Berdiaev. Institut d’études slaves, Paris, 1978 (Bibliothèque russe de l’Institut d’études slaves. Série écrivains russes en France; 43) and W. W. Cayard and T. Klépinine. Bibliographie des études sur Nicolas Berdiaev. Institut d’études slaves, Paris, 1992 (Bibliothèque russe de l’Institut d’études slaves. Série écrivains russes en France; 43/2). Neither of these is readily available. The 1978 bibliography by Tamara Klépinine of works by Berdyaev lists 483 books, articles and other items, including unsigned and pseudonymous materials. A significant portion of these works remains difficult to find in any language.
  2. See
  3. Vallon, M. A. An apostle of freedom: Life and teachings of Nicolas Berdyaev. Philosophical Library, New York, 1960.
  4. Academic Research Library, ATLA Religion, Current Contents, Arts and Humanities Citation Index, Philosopher’s Index, Religious Periodicals, University Microfilms International.
  5. Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana, Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale di Roma, Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale Firenze, Bibliothèque Nationale de France, Bibliothèque Nationale du Québec, Bibliothèque Royale de Belgique, The British Library, Deutsche Bibliothek Frankfurt, Deutsche Buecherei Leipzig, Library of Congress, National Library of Australia, National Library of Canada, Österreichische Nationalbibliothek
  6. Adelaide Theological Library, Boston University, Charles Sturt University, Episcopal Divinity School, General Theological Seminary – New York, Graduate Theological Union – Berkeley, Moore Theological College, Trinity Episcopal School for Ministry Library – Ambridge, University of California – Berkley, University of Cambridge, University of Kings College – Hallifax, University of London, University of Oxford, Yale University Divinity School.
  7. The bibliographic database of British theses is available only at considerable cost.
  8. For example, Berdyaev’s Truth and revelation and Towards a new epoch were published for the first time in Russian by the Russian Christian Humanitarian Institute in 1996 in a single volume. (The MS of Truth and revelation is in Russian but was first published in translation (English, 1953)). The Institute has also published in Russian, for the first time in any language, Spiritual foundations of the Russian revolution. Experiences of 1917-1918 [Translated title], a collection of Berdyaev’s articles compiled by himself. An exhaustive Russian language Berdyaev bibliography of some 450 items is available at
  9. YMCA Press, Paris, 1989-1990.


1. Primary sources in English

1.1 Published pre-1948

1.2 Posthumous publications, 1948-78

2. Secondary sources in Catalan, English, Finnish, French, German, Italian, Norwegian, Portuguese, Spanish and Swedish


1. Primary sources in English

1.1 Published pre-1948

In date order


Khomyakov as philosopher: For the centennial of his birth. Mir Bozhii, 17-22, 1904, trans. S. Janos.


Nihilism on a religious soil. Vek, 1907, trans. S. Janos. berdiaev/berd_lib/1907_135_4.html

Russian God seekers. Moskovskii ezhenedel’nik, 29, 18-28, 1907, trans. S. Janos.


Attempt at a philosophical justification of Christianity – concerning the book of V. Nesmelov, The science of man. Russkaya Mysl’, 54-72, 1909, trans. S. Janos.

Capital Punishment and Killing. In Protiv smertnoi kazni [= Against the Death Penalty]. 2nd edn. Moscow, 1909, trans. S. Janos. (First published, 1906).

Philosophic truth and the moral truth of the intelligentsia. In Landmarks: A collection of essays on the Russian intelligentsia: Berdyaev, Bulgakov, Gershenzon, Izgoev, Kistyakovsky, Struve, Frank, ed. S. I. Shragin & A. Todd, trans M. Schwartz. Karz Howard, New York, 1909, 3-22, republished by Karz Howard, New York, 1977. Also published as: Philosophical verity and intelligentsia truth. In Vekhi = Landmarks: A collection of articles about the Russian intelligentsia; Landmarks. Sharpe, Armonk, 1994.

Regarding a certain remarkable book (O. Weininger. Sex and Character). Voprosy Philosophii i Psikhologii, 98, 494-500, 1909, trans S. Janos.


The problem of East and West within the religious consciousness of Vl. Solov’ev. In Vladimire Solov’eve. Put’, Moscow, 1911, 104-128, trans. S. Janos.


The Old and the New Testament in the religious consciousness of Leo Tolstoy. In O religii L’va Tolstogo. Put’, Moscow, 1912, 172-195, trans S. Janos.


Concerning earthly and heavenly utopianism (As regards the book of Prince Evgenii Trubetskoy, The world concept of Vl. Solov’ev). Russkaya Mysl’, 46-54, 1913, trans. S. Janos.

Quenchers of the Spirit. Russkaya Molva, 232, 1913, trans. S. Janos.


Concerning the “Eternal Baba” [Review of V. V. Rozanov. Temnyi lik = The dark countenance]. Birzhevnye vedomosti, 14610-14612(?), 14-15 Jan. 1915, trans. S. Janos.

On the abstract and the absolute in politics. Birzhevnye vedomosti, 15034, 18 Aug., 1915, trans S. Jano.

The religion of resusciative resurrection (The philosophy of the common task of N. F. Fedorov). Russkaya Mysl’, 76-120, 1915, trans. S. Janos. berdiaev/berd_lib/1915_186.html

War and the crisis of the intelligentsia consciousness. Birzhevnye Vedomosti, 14986, 25 July 1915, trans. S. Janos. 1915_201.html

Words and reality in societal life. Birzhevnye Vedomosti, 15049, 26 August 1915, trans. S. Janos.


An astral novel: Reflections regarding A. Bely’s novel, Peterburg. Birzhevnye Vedomosti, 15608, 1 July 1916, trans. S. Janos. berdiaev/berd_lib/1916_233.html

The cosmic and the sociological world-sense. Birzhevnye vedomosti, 15706, Aug., 1916, trans S. Jano.

Spiritual Christianity and sectarianism in Russia. Russkaya Mysl’, 1916, trans. S. Janos.

Theosophy and anthroposophy in Russia. Russkaya Mysl’, 1916, trans. S. Janos.


About bourgeoisness and socialism. Russkaya Svoboda, 8, 3-8, 1917, trans. S. Janos.

Concerning the relationship of Russians towards ideas. Russkaya Mysl’, 66-73, 1917, trans. S. Janos.

Khomyakov and Fr. Florensky. Russkaya Mysl’, 72-81, 1917, trans. S. Janos.


The revelation about man in the creativity of Dostoevsky. Russkaya Mysl’, 39-61, 1918, trans. S. Janos.


Neothomism. Put’, 1, 169-171, 1925, trans. S. Janos. berdiaev/berd_lib/1925_304.html

The end of the Renaissance: The contemporary crisis of culture. Slavonic Review, 6/7, 1925.

The idea of God-manhood in Vl. Solov’ev (on the occasion of 25 years from the day of his death). Perezvon, 7/8(9), 180-182, 240, 1925, trans. S. Janos.

The kingdom of God and the kingdom of Caesar. Put’, 1, 31-52, 1925, trans. S. Janos.

The spiritual task of the Russian emigration. Put’, 1, 3-8, 1925, trans. S. Janos.

Salvation and creativity: Two understandings of Christianity. Put’, 2, 26-46, 1926, trans. S. Janos.


Discord in the Church and freedom of conscience. Put’, 5, 42-54, Oct./Nov., 1926, trans. A. V. Smirensky.


A consideration concerning theodicy. Put’, 7, 50-62, 1927, trans. S. Janos.

Death-idolatry: The root of all heresies, divisive and destructive of the true teaching of the church: Dogmatic sketches, 1926. [Review]. Put’, 7, 122-124, 1927, trans. S. Janos.

Orthodoxy and ecumenism [Die Ostkirche = The Eastern Church]. Una Sancta, Frommanns, Stuttgart, 1927, 3-16, 1927, trans. M. Knechten. (Translated from the German trans. by W.A. Unkrig of the unpub. Russian original).


Obscuratism. Put’, 13, 19-36, 1928, trans. S. Janos. berdiaev/berd_lib/1928_337.html

The letters of Nikolaj Berdjajew to Fritz Lieb [1928-1939] . 2002.

The metaphysical problem of freedom. Put’, 9, 41-53, 1928, trans. S. Janos.

Three jubilees: L. Tolstoy, H. Ibsen, N. F. Fedorov. Put’, 11, 76-94, 1928, trans. S. Janos.

Unifying Christians of the East and the West, trans M. Knechten from the German of Aehren aus der Garbe. Christi Reich im Osten. Die geistige Bedeutung Wladimir Solowjews und die inneren Voraussetzungen zur Wiedervereinigung der Russisch-Orthodoxen und der Roemisch-Katholischen. Matthias-Gruenewald, Mainz, 1926, 185-200, translated from Russian to German R. von Walter. (The Russian original never published). essays/unifying.htm


In memory of Prince G. N. Trubetskoy. Put’, 21, 94-96, 1930, trans. S. Janos.

Concerning the character of the Russian religious thought of the XIX Century. Sovremennye Zapiski, 42, 309-343, 1930, trans. S. Janos. berdiaev/berd_lib/1930_345.html

Studies concerning Jacob Boehme: Étude I. The teaching about the Ungrund and freedom. Put’, 20, 47-79, 1930, trans. M. Knechten. berdiaev/berd_lib/1930_349.html

Studies concerning Jacob Boehme: Étude II. The teaching about Sophia and the androgyne. J. Boehme and the Russian sophiological current. Put’, 21, 34-62, 1930, trans. M. Knechten.


In defence of A. Blok. Put’, 26, 109-113, 1931, trans. S. Janos.

On Suicide [translated title]. YMCA Press, Paris, 1931, trans S. Janos.

The problem of Christian culture in Orthodox consciousness. Fellowship Journal, 14, 263-269, 1931.

The Russian revolution: Two essays in its implications in religion and philosophy , trans. D. Attwater. Sheed & Ward, London, 1931 (Essays in order; 6) and Uni. of Michigan Pr, Ann Arbor, 1961 (Ann Arbor paperbacks for the study of communism and Marxism). Also published as The Spirit of the Russian revolution. In Out of the depths: A collection of articles on the Russian revolution. Schlacks, Irvine, 1986, 67-106.


Christianity and class war , trans. D. Attwater. Sheed & Ward, London, 1932.


The bourgeois mind and other studies in modern life , trans. Countess Bennigsen and D. Attwater. Sheed & Ward, New York, 1933 and Books for Libraries Press, Freeport, 1966. essays/worth.htm

The bourgeois spirit. Dublin Review, 193, 169-180, 1933.

The Christian doctrine of human association. Christendom, 3(10), 93-104, 1933.

Christianity and communism. Commonweal, 18, 440-442, 1933.

Christianity and the class war , trans. D. Attwater. Sheed & Ward, New York, 1933.

A critical note of Dr J Hecker’s Moscow dialogues. Christendom, 12, 315-319, 1933.

The end of our time, together with an essay on the general line of Soviet philosophy , trans. D. Attwater. Sheed & Ward, London, 1933.

General line of Soviet philosophy. American Review, 1, 536-559, 1933.

A new Middle Ages. New York, 1933.

Universality and confessionalism. In Khristianskoe Vozsoedinenie: Ekumenicheskaya Problema v Pravoslavnom Soznanii [Christian Reunification: The Ecumenical Problem in Orthodox Consciousness]. YMCA Pr., Paris, [1933], 63-81, trans. by Fr. Stephen Janos. essays/uc.htm (First publ. in French, 1931)


About the new Christian spirituality. Sobornost’, 25, 1934.

The bourgeois mind and other essays . Sheed & Ward, London, 1934.

Dostoevsky: An interpretation , trans. D. Attwater. Sheed & Ward, New York, 1934 and Meridian Books, New York, 1957.

Man, the machine and the new heroism. Hibbert Journal, 33, 76-89, 1934.

The metamorphosis of Marxism. American Review, 3, 401-515, 1934.


Can man survive? I. The breakdown of the humanistic theory of progress. The Living Church, 92, 97-99, 1935.

Can man survive? II. The decadence of liberty. The Living Church, 92, 133-135, 1935.

Eternity and time. Vestnik Russkogo Studentcheskogo Khristianskogo Dvizheniya, 3, 1935, trans. S. Janos.

The fate of man in the modern world , trans. and ed. D. A. Lowrie. SCM, London, 1935; Morehouse, Milwaukee, 1935 and Univ. of Michigan Pr, Ann Arbor, 1961.

Freedom and the Spirit , trans. O. F. Clarke. Scribner’s Sons, New York, 1935. (Fourth edn. published Bles, London, 1948 and Books for Libraries Press, Freeport, 1972.).

Marxism and the conception of personality. Christendom, 2. First publ. in Russian, Put’, 48, 3-19 Jul./Sep. 1935.

Personalism and Marxism. Put’, 48, 3-19, 1935, trans. S. Janos.

The Russian spiritual renaissance of beginning XX Century and the journal Put’ (for the decade anniversary of Put’.). Put’, 49, 3-22, 1935, trans. S. Janos.

Young France and social justice. Dublin Review, 94, 37-46, 1935. First publ. in Russian, Put’, 39, 78-82, Jun. 1933.


The brotherhood of men and the religions. In Proceedings of the World Congress of Faiths, 3-17 July 1936, ed. D. Millard. London, 1936, 75-84.

Christian optimism and pessimism. Christendom, 1, 417-427, 1936.

Is Russia going fascist? Christian Science Monitor. 17 Feb 1937, 1-2.

Lev Shestov and Kierkegaard. Sovremennye Zapiski, 62, 376-382, 1936, trans. S. Janos.

The meaning of history , trans. G. Reavey. Bles, London, 1936 and Meridian Books, Cleveland, 1962.

The problem of man: Towards the construction of a Christian anthropology. Put, 50, 3-26, 1936, trans. S. Janos. 1936_408.html

War and the Christian conscience. The Living Church, 94, 621-623, 1936.


Concerning fanaticism, Orthodoxy and truth. Russkie Zapiski, 1, 180-191, 1937, trans. S. Janos.

The crisis of Christianity. Christendom, 2, 228-240, 1937. First publ. in Russian, 1931.

The destiny of man . Scribner’s Sons, New York, 1937. (Fourth ed., trans. N. Duddington. Published by Bles, London, 1954; Harper, New York, 1960 and Hyperion Press, Westport, 1979.).

The origin of Russian communism , trans. R. M. French. Bles, London, 1937. (Second edn. published Bles, London, 1948 and Univ. of Michigan Pr., Ann Arbor, 1960.).

Ortodoksia and humanness [review of] Archpriest Georgii Florovsky, The Ways of Russian Theology, YMCA Press, 1937. Put’, 53, 53-65, 1937, trans. S. Janos.


The crime of anti-Semitism. Commonweal, 29, 706-709, 1938.

The fate of man in the modern world , trans. D. Lowrie. 2nd edn. SCM, London, 1938.

Human personality and Marxism , trans. J. F. Scanlan. Paladin, London, 1938. (Communism and Christians).

Marx versus man. Religion in Life, 7, 483-496, 1938.

Solitude and society , trans. G. Reavey. G. Bles, the Centenary press, London, 1938 and Greenwood Press, Westport, 1976.

Spiritual dualism and daily bread. American Scholar, 60, 319-324, 1938. First publ. in Russian in Sovremennye Zapiski.

War and the Christian conscience . Clarke, London, 1938 (Pax pamphlets, no. 2).


The book of S. L. Frank, The unfathomable [Nepostizhimoe]. Put’, 60, 65-67, 1939, trans. S. Janos.

Does there exist freedom of thought and conscience in Orthodoxy? Put’, 59, 46-54, 1939, trans. S. Janos.

Fatality and faith. Christian Century, 56, 603-604, 1939.

The fundamental idea of the philosophy of Lev Shestov. Put’, 58, 44-48, 1939, trans. S. Janos.

The paradox of the lie. Sovremennye Zapiski, 69, 1939, trans. S. Janos.

Spirit and reality , trans. G. Reavey. Bles, London, 1939.


Leontiev , trans. G. Reavey. Bles, London, 1940; Saunders, Toronto, 1940; Academic International, Orono, 1968; Folcroft, 1973; Norwood Editions, Norwood, 1975 and R. West, Philadelphia, 1977.

War and eschatology. Put’, 61, 3-14, 1940, trans. S. Janos.


Slavery and freedom , trans. R. M. French. Bles, London, 1943 and Scribner’s Sons, New York, 1944.


Attitudes toward the revolution: The evolution of ‘nationalism’ and of ‘internationalism’. Commonweal, 42, 570-572, 1945. First publ. in Russian, 1945.


The person and the communal spirit in the conscience of the Russian people. Transformation, 4, 7-23, 1947. First publ. in French, 1945.

The Russian idea , trans. R. M. French. Bles, London, 1947; Macmillan, New York, 1948; Greenwood Press, Westport, 1979 and Lindisfarne Press, Hudson, 1992.

1.2 Posthumous English language publications 1948 –

The beginning and the end: An essay on eschatological metaphysics , trans. R. M. French. Bles, London, 1952; Harper, New York, 1952; P. Smith, Gloucester, 1970 and Greenwood Press, Westport, 1976.

Christian existentialism; a Berdyaev anthology , trans. D. A. Lowrie. Allen and Unwin, London, 1965 and Harper, New York, 1965.

Christianity and anti-Semitism , trans. A. A. Spears & V. B. Kanter. Hand & Flower Pr., Aldington, 1952 and Philosophical Library, New York, 1954.

Communism and Christianity. Epiphany, 8, 12-21, 1988.

Conversion to revolution and socialism: Marxism and idealism. Russian Studies in Philosophy, 39(1), 8-35, 2000.

The crisis of man in the modern world. International Affairs, 1948.

The divine and the human , trans. R. M. French. Bles, London, 1949.

The doctrine of Sophia. In The divine couple: A Christian book of mystery on eros-love, ed. R. J. Faas. Grailstine, St. Paul, 2001.

Dream and reality: An essay in autobiography , trans. K. Lampert. Bles, London, 1950 and Macmillan, New York, 1951.

The ethics of creativity. In Ultimate questions: An anthology of modern Russian religious thought, ed. & intro. A. Schmemann. Mowbray, London, 1977.

Heroism and asceticism: Reflections on the religious nature of the Russian intelligentsia. In Signposts: A collection of articles on the Russian intelligentsia, ed. M. Shatz & J. E. Zimmerman. C. Schlacks, Jr., Irvine, 1986. (Canadian Slavic studies.).

Master, slave and free man. In The psychology of freedom, ed. R. Van Over. Fawcett, Greenwich, 1974.

The meaning of the creative act , trans. D. A. Lowrie. Gollancz, London, 1955 and Harper, New York, 1955. (First published in Russian in 1916. Includes revisions made 1927 for German translation.).

My philosophic world-outlook. Vestnik Russkogo Studentcheskogo Khristianskogo Dvizheniya, 4-5, 1952, trans. S. Janos. http// 1952_476.html

N. F. Federov. Russian Review, 9, 123-130, 1950.

Political testament. World Review, 1949. First publ. in French, Le Cheval Blanc, 4/5, 1948.

The realm of spirit and the realm of Caesar , trans. D. A. Lowrie. Gollancz, London, 1952; Harper, New York, 1952 and Greenwood Press, Westport, 1975.

The spirit of Orthodoxy. Sourozh – a Journal of Orthodox Life and Thought, 1, 3ff., Aug., 1980.

The spiritual state of the world today. Religion in Life, 17, 503-516, 1948.

Subjectivism and individualism. In Readings in Russian philosophic thought, ed. L. J. Shein. Mouton, Paris, 1968. Vol. 1.

Subjectivism and objectivism. In Russian philosophy. III. Pre-revolutionary philosophy and theology – philosophers in exile – Marxists and communists, ed. J. M. Edie, J. P. Scanlan & others. Quadrangle, Chicago, 1965.

The theology of Godmanhood. In The erosion of faith: An inquiry into the origins of the contemporary crisis of religious thought, ed. T. A. Indinopulos. Quadrangle, Chicago, 1971.

Towards a new epoch , trans. O. Clarke. Bles, London, 1949; Folcroft Library Editions, Folcroft, 1973; Norwood Editions, Norwood, 1976; R. West, Philadelphia, 1977.

The truth of Orthodoxy. Student World, 21, 249-263, 1958. http//

Truth and revelation , trans. R. M. French. Bles, London, 1954 and Harper, New York, 1954.

Ungrund and Freedom [Introduction]. In J. Boehme. Six theosophic points and other writings. Univ. of Michigan Pr., Ann Arbor, 1958.

The voice of conscience from another world: An introduction. In Leo Tolstoy: Essays from Tula, ed. E. Lampert. Sheppard; London, 1948, 9-18.

2. Secondary sources in English and other Western European languages

Adiushkin, V. N. The social philosophy of N. Berdiaev in light of “Perestroika”. Soviet Studies in Philosophy, 30(4), 48-63, 1992.

Allen, E. L. Freedom in God: A guide to the thought of Nicholas Berdyaev. Hodder & Stoughton, London, n.d.; Philosophical Library, New York, 1951; Folcroft Library Editions; Folcroft, 1973, Norwood Editions, Norwood, 1975 and R. West, Philadelphia, 1977.

______. Barth and Berdyaev. London Quarterly and Holborn Review, 184, 136-139, 1959.

______. Nicholas Berdyaev. Contemporary Review, 186, 94-97, 1954.

Andelson, R. V. The concept of creativity in the thought of Rilke and Berdyaev. Personalist, 43, 226-232, 1962.

______. The creativity of Robert S. Dickens: Berdyaev as a character in fiction [A riposte to R. S. Dickens. Berdyaev’s concept of creativity. Personalist, 45, 250-254, 1964]. Personalist, 48, 393-402, 1967.

Anderson, J. F. The neo-Platonist symbolism of Nicolas Berdyaev. In The bond of being. Herder, St. Louis, 1949, 189-203.

Aoyama, T. La Conception de l’ “intelliguentsia” russe dans les premiers ouvrages de Nicolas Berdiaev. Thesis. Univ. Paris III, 1977.

Apperson, R. L. The aesthetic and social philosophy of Nicholas Berdyaev. MA thesis. American Univ., 1967.

Arjakovsky, A. Les intellectuels russes en France: La revue Put’ (La Voie), revue de la pensée religieuse russe (1925-1940). Doctoral thesis, École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales, 2000.

Arjakovsky, H. Leon Chestow et Nicolas Berdiaev, une amitié orageuse. In Cahiers de l’émigration russe, 3. Institut d’études slaves, Paris, 1996, 141-153

Asher, R. E. The Christian humanism of Nicholas Berdyaev. American Benedictine Review, 37(4), 404-422, 1986.

Attwater, D. Modern Christian revolutionaries: An introduction to the lives and thought of Kierkegaard, Eric Gill, G. K. Chesterton, C. F. Andrews, Berdyaev. Devin-Adair, New York, 1947.

Aubrey, E. The philosophy of Nicolas Berdyaev. Theology Today, 4, 522-533, 1948.

Axer, E. The knowledge of reality and God according to Nicholas Berdyaev. PhD thesis. Georgetown Univ., 1949.

Baird, C. S. Religious communism? Nicolai Berdyaev’s contribution to Esprit’s interpretation of communism. Canadian Journal of History / Annales Canadiennes d’Histoire, 30(1), 29ff., 1995.

______. The “Third Way”: Russia’s religious philosophers in the West, 1917-1996. PhD Thesis. McGill University, 1997.

Balasubramanian, R. The personalistic existentialism of Berdyaev. University of Madras, Madras Centre of Advanced Study in Philosophy, 1970. (Madras University Philosophical Series; 15).

Bambauer, K. N. Berdjajew and the German Philosopher Peter Wust. 2002.

______. Das russisch-orthodoxe Leben in Paris zur Zeit N. Berdjajews und die Gründung der Kirche der Heiligen Drei Hierarchen. [2001] 78466/berdjajew.msnw?action=get_message&mview=0&ID_Message=362

______. Der Gedanke der Anthropodizee bei Nikolai Berdjajew (I). … Message=292

______. Die Rezeption des spätantiken Philosophen Plotin durch Nikolai Berdajew. … Message=382

______. Frühe wissenschaftliche Tätigkeit N. Berdjajews in Westeuropa. [2001] … Message=334

______. Gedanken zur christlichen Spiritualität aus östlicher und westlicher Sicht im Kontext der Religionsphilosophie Nikolai Berdjajews. [2002] … Message=437

______. H. Petzold’s fragments of the unpublished correspondence of N. Berdjajew. 2002.

______. Mystik und Gnosis bei Nikolai Berdjajew. [2001] 78466/berdjajew.msnw?action=get_message&mview=0&ID_Message=435

______. Nikolai Berdjajew und die “D&ecute;ecades de Pontigny”. [2002] http:// … Message=530

______. Offenbarung, Sprache und Bewusstsein nach Nikolai Berdjajew im Kontext gegenwärtiger Religionsphilosophie. [2002] … Message=530

______. The ecumenical tasks of N. Berdjajew and his contacts in Paris. 2002.

______. The funeral of Nikolai Berdjajew on 26th of March 1948. 2002.

______. Zur Rezeption von Nikolai Berdjajew in der gegenwärtigen Lebensphilosophie. [2001] berdjajew.msnw?action=get_message&mview=0&ID_Message=284http:// … Message=284

______. Zur Erinnerung an den russischen Religionsphilosophen Nikolai Berdjajew. Deutsches Pfarrerblatt, 4, 1998. … Message=474

______. & Bambauer, G. Introduction [on Berdjaevs contacts with H. Corbin, T. de Chardin, P. Wust, etc.] In N. Berdjajew. Wahrheit und Offenbarung, trans K. & G. Bambauer. Spenner-Verlag, Waltrop, 1998, 1-158.

Basso, M. L. Filosofia dell’esistenza e storia: K. Jaspers e N. Berdjaev. CLUEB, Bologna, 1994.

______. K. Jaspers – N. Berdiaeff: Une confrontation entre deux philosophies de l’histoire: Convergence et divergence d’affirmations. In L. H. Ehrlich & R. Wisser (eds). Karl Jaspers. Königshausen & Neumann, Würzburg, 1998, 133-141.

Beam, J. N. Nicolas Berdyaev’s critique of Sartre’s betrayal of existentialism. Encounter, 54(4), 391-403, 1993.

______. Nicolas Berdyaev’s critique of technics. Perspectives on Science and Christian Faith, 46, 254-259, 1994.

Begzos, M. P. Nikolaj Berdjajew und die Byzantinische Philosophie, zur metaphysischen Tragweite der patristischen Theologie. Theologie, 64, 1993.

Bernard, D. & Wahl, J. (eds). Vom Nichts, vom Sein und unserer Existenz. Versuch einer kleinen Geschichte des Existentialismus, gefolgt von einer Diskussion der Herren N. Berdiaeff, M. de Gandillac, M. Koyré, E. Levinas und G. Marcel. Augsburg/Basel, 1954.

Biallas, Leonard, J. From eternal hell to universal salvation: A study of the eschatology of Nicholas Berdyaev. Thesis. Institut Catholique, Paris, 1970.

Bjørneboe, S. K. Eksistens og revolt: Unamuno – Berdjajev – Sjestov. Aschehoug, Oslo, 1976.

Blackham, H. J. Six existentialist thinkers. Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1952.

Boisvert, R. D. Philosophy: Postmodern or polytemporal? International Philosophical Quarterly, 40(3), 313-326, 2000.

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