Berdyaev bibliography

A bibliography of works by Nicolas Berdyaev and about him and his work, as at 2002

This bibliographic project grew from research for my essay on revelation Berdyaev’s religious philosophy. I have tried comprehensively to identify translations of Berdyaev’s writings into English and secondary materials in English about Berdyaev and his work. This bibliography, which has not be updated since 2002, lists 130 English translations of Berdyaev and 422 secondary sources in English and other Western European languages.

The bibliography partly duplicates the work of others, as there are standard bibliographies of primary Berdyaev materials and of secondary materials to 1992.1. However these were published in very limited runs, not obtainable from an Australian library or through the used book trade.

The list of primary sources relies considerably on Stephen Janos’s listing of translations of Berdyaev into English, including his own.2 Vallon also has a significant bibliography, especially of primary works, in his 1960 biography of Berdyaev.3 I have added some items found elsewhere.

My listing of secondary materials began with a series of searches of electronic bibliographic databases.4 Additional items, especially theses, were found by searching the Internet catalogues of leading national5 and university6 libraries. This work was complemented by an exhaustive general search of the Internet using search engines and other links. The bibliography of secondary materials is incomplete, as pre-1945 materials must be identified piecemeal using paper based sources. Nonetheless, I believe the bibliography to be reasonably complete for published material in English. Coverage of unpublished theses, especially British theses, is not complete.7 Short book reviews are excluded.

Coverage of materials in other Western European languages covers commonly cited sources, but does not purport to be comprehensive—a thorough check of German, French, Italian, etc. periodical indices would be required for this. The gaping omission in the bibliography is, of course, materials in Russian; in part due to time constraints, but also because of a lack of readily available indices to Russian sources. There has been a revival of interest in Berdyaev in post-communist Russia and some of his books are being published or republished there. 8 The YMCA Press in Paris has published in Russian a four volume ‘Complete works’ of Berdyaev’s essays.9

  1. T. Klépinine. Bibliographie des oeuvres de Nicolas Berdiaev. Institut d’études slaves, Paris, 1978 (Bibliothèque russe de l’Institut d’études slaves. Série écrivains russes en France; 43) and W. W. Cayard and T. Klépinine. Bibliographie des études sur Nicolas Berdiaev. Institut d’études slaves, Paris, 1992 (Bibliothèque russe de l’Institut d’études slaves. Série écrivains russes en France; 43/2). Neither of these is readily available. The 1978 bibliography by Tamara Klépinine of works by Berdyaev lists 483 books, articles and other items, including unsigned and pseudonymous materials. A significant portion of these works remains difficult to find in any language.
  2. See http://www.berdyaev.com
  3. Vallon, M. A. An apostle of freedom: Life and teachings of Nicolas Berdyaev. Philosophical Library, New York, 1960.
  4. Academic Research Library, ATLA Religion, Current Contents, Arts and Humanities Citation Index, Philosopher’s Index, Religious Periodicals, University Microfilms International.
  5. Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana, Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale di Roma, Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale Firenze, Bibliothèque Nationale de France, Bibliothèque Nationale du Québec, Bibliothèque Royale de Belgique, The British Library, Deutsche Bibliothek Frankfurt, Deutsche Buecherei Leipzig, Library of Congress, National Library of Australia, National Library of Canada, Österreichische Nationalbibliothek
  6. Adelaide Theological Library, Boston University, Charles Sturt University, Episcopal Divinity School, General Theological Seminary – New York, Graduate Theological Union – Berkeley, Moore Theological College, Trinity Episcopal School for Ministry Library – Ambridge, University of California – Berkley, University of Cambridge, University of Kings College – Hallifax, University of London, University of Oxford, Yale University Divinity School.
  7. The bibliographic database of British theses is available only at considerable cost.
  8. For example, Berdyaev’s Truth and revelation and Towards a new epoch were published for the first time in Russian by the Russian Christian Humanitarian Institute in 1996 in a single volume. (The MS of Truth and revelation is in Russian but was first published in translation (English, 1953)). The Institute has also published in Russian, for the first time in any language, Spiritual foundations of the Russian revolution. Experiences of 1917-1918 [Translated title], a collection of Berdyaev’s articles compiled by himself. An exhaustive Russian language Berdyaev bibliography of some 450 items is available at http://www.krotov.org/berdyaev/berd_bibl.html.
  9. YMCA Press, Paris, 1989-1990.

Contents

1. Primary sources in English

1.1 Published pre-1948

1.2 Posthumous publications, 1948-78

2. Secondary sources in Catalan, English, Finnish, French, German, Italian, Norwegian, Portuguese, Spanish and Swedish

____________________

1. Primary sources in English

1.1 Published pre-1948

In date order

1904

Khomyakov as philosopher: For the centennial of his birth. Mir Bozhii, 17-22, 1904, trans. S. Janos. http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1904_110_3.html

1907

Nihilism on a religious soil. Vek, 1907, trans. S. Janos. http://www.berdyaev.com/ berdiaev/berd_lib/1907_135_4.html

Russian God seekers. Moskovskii ezhenedel’nik, 29, 18-28, 1907, trans. S. Janos. http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1907_131_4.html

1909

Attempt at a philosophical justification of Christianity – concerning the book of V. Nesmelov, The science of man. Russkaya Mysl’, 54-72, 1909, trans. S. Janos. http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1909_158_4.html

Capital Punishment and Killing. In Protiv smertnoi kazni [= Against the Death Penalty]. 2nd edn. Moscow, 1909, trans. S. Janos. (First published, 1906). http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1906_xxx.html

Philosophic truth and the moral truth of the intelligentsia. In Landmarks: A collection of essays on the Russian intelligentsia: Berdyaev, Bulgakov, Gershenzon, Izgoev, Kistyakovsky, Struve, Frank, ed. S. I. Shragin & A. Todd, trans M. Schwartz. Karz Howard, New York, 1909, 3-22, republished by Karz Howard, New York, 1977. Also published as: Philosophical verity and intelligentsia truth. In Vekhi = Landmarks: A collection of articles about the Russian intelligentsia; Landmarks. Sharpe, Armonk, 1994.

Regarding a certain remarkable book (O. Weininger. Sex and Character). Voprosy Philosophii i Psikhologii, 98, 494-500, 1909, trans S. Janos. http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1909_157_4.html

1911

The problem of East and West within the religious consciousness of Vl. Solov’ev. In Vladimire Solov’eve. Put’, Moscow, 1911, 104-128, trans. S. Janos. http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1911_053.html

1912

The Old and the New Testament in the religious consciousness of Leo Tolstoy. In O religii L’va Tolstogo. Put’, Moscow, 1912, 172-195, trans S. Janos. http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1912_054.html

1913

Concerning earthly and heavenly utopianism (As regards the book of Prince Evgenii Trubetskoy, The world concept of Vl. Solov’ev). Russkaya Mysl’, 46-54, 1913, trans. S. Janos. http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1913_170.html

Quenchers of the Spirit. Russkaya Molva, 232, 1913, trans. S. Janos. http://www.chebucto.ns.ca/Philosophy/Sui-Generis/Berdyaev/essays/gasiteli.htm

1915

Concerning the “Eternal Baba” [Review of V. V. Rozanov. Temnyi lik = The dark countenance]. Birzhevnye vedomosti, 14610-14612(?), 14-15 Jan. 1915, trans. S. Janos. http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1915_187.html

On the abstract and the absolute in politics. Birzhevnye vedomosti, 15034, 18 Aug., 1915, trans S. Jano. http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1916_235.html

The religion of resusciative resurrection (The philosophy of the common task of N. F. Fedorov). Russkaya Mysl’, 76-120, 1915, trans. S. Janos. http://www.berdyaev.com/ berdiaev/berd_lib/1915_186.html

War and the crisis of the intelligentsia consciousness. Birzhevnye Vedomosti, 14986, 25 July 1915, trans. S. Janos. http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/ 1915_201.html

Words and reality in societal life. Birzhevnye Vedomosti, 15049, 26 August 1915, trans. S. Janos. http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1915_206.html

1916

An astral novel: Reflections regarding A. Bely’s novel, Peterburg. Birzhevnye Vedomosti, 15608, 1 July 1916, trans. S. Janos. http://www.berdyaev.com/ berdiaev/berd_lib/1916_233.html

The cosmic and the sociological world-sense. Birzhevnye vedomosti, 15706, Aug., 1916, trans S. Jano. http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1916_235.html

Spiritual Christianity and sectarianism in Russia. Russkaya Mysl’, 1916, trans. S. Janos. http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1916_252a.html

Theosophy and anthroposophy in Russia. Russkaya Mysl’, 1916, trans. S. Janos. http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1916_252b.html

1917

About bourgeoisness and socialism. Russkaya Svoboda, 8, 3-8, 1917, trans. S. Janos. http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1917_266.html

Concerning the relationship of Russians towards ideas. Russkaya Mysl’, 66-73, 1917, trans. S. Janos. http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1917_256_15.html

Khomyakov and Fr. Florensky. Russkaya Mysl’, 72-81, 1917, trans. S. Janos. http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1917_257.html

1918

The revelation about man in the creativity of Dostoevsky. Russkaya Mysl’, 39-61, 1918, trans. S. Janos. http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1918_294.html

1925

Neothomism. Put’, 1, 169-171, 1925, trans. S. Janos. http://www.berdyaev.com/ berdiaev/berd_lib/1925_304.html

The end of the Renaissance: The contemporary crisis of culture. Slavonic Review, 6/7, 1925.

The idea of God-manhood in Vl. Solov’ev (on the occasion of 25 years from the day of his death). Perezvon, 7/8(9), 180-182, 240, 1925, trans. S. Janos. http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1925_307.html

The kingdom of God and the kingdom of Caesar. Put’, 1, 31-52, 1925, trans. S. Janos. http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1925_303.html

The spiritual task of the Russian emigration. Put’, 1, 3-8, 1925, trans. S. Janos. http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1925_302.html

Salvation and creativity: Two understandings of Christianity. Put’, 2, 26-46, 1926, trans. S. Janos. http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1926_308.html

1926

Discord in the Church and freedom of conscience. Put’, 5, 42-54, Oct./Nov., 1926, trans. A. V. Smirensky. http://www.holy-trinity.org/ecclesiology/berdyaev-discord.html

1927

A consideration concerning theodicy. Put’, 7, 50-62, 1927, trans. S. Janos. http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1927_321.html

Death-idolatry: The root of all heresies, divisive and destructive of the true teaching of the church: Dogmatic sketches, 1926. [Review]. Put’, 7, 122-124, 1927, trans. S. Janos. http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1927_xxx.html

Orthodoxy and ecumenism [Die Ostkirche = The Eastern Church]. Una Sancta, Frommanns, Stuttgart, 1927, 3-16, 1927, trans. M. Knechten. (Translated from the German trans. by W.A. Unkrig of the unpub. Russian original). http://www.chebucto.ns.ca/Philosophy/Sui-Generis/Berdyaev/essays/orth328.htm

1928

Obscuratism. Put’, 13, 19-36, 1928, trans. S. Janos. http://www.berdyaev.com/ berdiaev/berd_lib/1928_337.html

The letters of Nikolaj Berdjajew to Fritz Lieb [1928-1939] . 2002. http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/bambauer/Fritz_Lieb.html

The metaphysical problem of freedom. Put’, 9, 41-53, 1928, trans. S. Janos. http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1928_329.html

Three jubilees: L. Tolstoy, H. Ibsen, N. F. Fedorov. Put’, 11, 76-94, 1928, trans. S. Janos. http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1928_333.html

Unifying Christians of the East and the West, trans M. Knechten from the German of Aehren aus der Garbe. Christi Reich im Osten. Die geistige Bedeutung Wladimir Solowjews und die inneren Voraussetzungen zur Wiedervereinigung der Russisch-Orthodoxen und der Roemisch-Katholischen. Matthias-Gruenewald, Mainz, 1926, 185-200, translated from Russian to German R. von Walter. (The Russian original never published). http://www.chebucto.ns.ca/Philosophy/Sui-Generis/Berdyaev/ essays/unifying.htm

1930

In memory of Prince G. N. Trubetskoy. Put’, 21, 94-96, 1930, trans. S. Janos. http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1930_352.html

Concerning the character of the Russian religious thought of the XIX Century. Sovremennye Zapiski, 42, 309-343, 1930, trans. S. Janos. http://www.berdyaev.com/ berdiaev/berd_lib/1930_345.html

Studies concerning Jacob Boehme: Étude I. The teaching about the Ungrund and freedom. Put’, 20, 47-79, 1930, trans. M. Knechten. http://www.berdyaev.com/ berdiaev/berd_lib/1930_349.html

Studies concerning Jacob Boehme: Étude II. The teaching about Sophia and the androgyne. J. Boehme and the Russian sophiological current. Put’, 21, 34-62, 1930, trans. M. Knechten. http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1930_351.html

1931

In defence of A. Blok. Put’, 26, 109-113, 1931, trans. S. Janos. http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1931_358.html

On Suicide [translated title]. YMCA Press, Paris, 1931, trans S. Janos. http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1931_27.html

The problem of Christian culture in Orthodox consciousness. Fellowship Journal, 14, 263-269, 1931.

The Russian revolution: Two essays in its implications in religion and philosophy , trans. D. Attwater. Sheed & Ward, London, 1931 (Essays in order; 6) and Uni. of Michigan Pr, Ann Arbor, 1961 (Ann Arbor paperbacks for the study of communism and Marxism). Also published as The Spirit of the Russian revolution. In Out of the depths: A collection of articles on the Russian revolution. Schlacks, Irvine, 1986, 67-106.

1932

Christianity and class war , trans. D. Attwater. Sheed & Ward, London, 1932.

1933

The bourgeois mind and other studies in modern life , trans. Countess Bennigsen and D. Attwater. Sheed & Ward, New York, 1933 and Books for Libraries Press, Freeport, 1966. http://www.chebucto.ns.ca/Philosophy/Sui-Generis/Berdyaev/ essays/worth.htm

The bourgeois spirit. Dublin Review, 193, 169-180, 1933.

The Christian doctrine of human association. Christendom, 3(10), 93-104, 1933.

Christianity and communism. Commonweal, 18, 440-442, 1933.

Christianity and the class war , trans. D. Attwater. Sheed & Ward, New York, 1933.

A critical note of Dr J Hecker’s Moscow dialogues. Christendom, 12, 315-319, 1933.

The end of our time, together with an essay on the general line of Soviet philosophy , trans. D. Attwater. Sheed & Ward, London, 1933.

General line of Soviet philosophy. American Review, 1, 536-559, 1933.

A new Middle Ages. New York, 1933.

Universality and confessionalism. In Khristianskoe Vozsoedinenie: Ekumenicheskaya Problema v Pravoslavnom Soznanii [Christian Reunification: The Ecumenical Problem in Orthodox Consciousness]. YMCA Pr., Paris, [1933], 63-81, trans. by Fr. Stephen Janos. http://www.chebucto.ns.ca/Philosophy/Sui-Generis/Berdyaev/ essays/uc.htm (First publ. in French, 1931)

1934

About the new Christian spirituality. Sobornost’, 25, 1934.

The bourgeois mind and other essays . Sheed & Ward, London, 1934.

Dostoevsky: An interpretation , trans. D. Attwater. Sheed & Ward, New York, 1934 and Meridian Books, New York, 1957.

Man, the machine and the new heroism. Hibbert Journal, 33, 76-89, 1934.

The metamorphosis of Marxism. American Review, 3, 401-515, 1934.

1935

Can man survive? I. The breakdown of the humanistic theory of progress. The Living Church, 92, 97-99, 1935.

Can man survive? II. The decadence of liberty. The Living Church, 92, 133-135, 1935.

Eternity and time. Vestnik Russkogo Studentcheskogo Khristianskogo Dvizheniya, 3, 1935, trans. S. Janos. http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1935_399.html

The fate of man in the modern world , trans. and ed. D. A. Lowrie. SCM, London, 1935; Morehouse, Milwaukee, 1935 and Univ. of Michigan Pr, Ann Arbor, 1961.

Freedom and the Spirit , trans. O. F. Clarke. Scribner’s Sons, New York, 1935. (Fourth edn. published Bles, London, 1948 and Books for Libraries Press, Freeport, 1972.).

Marxism and the conception of personality. Christendom, 2. First publ. in Russian, Put’, 48, 3-19 Jul./Sep. 1935.

Personalism and Marxism. Put’, 48, 3-19, 1935, trans. S. Janos. http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1935_400.html

The Russian spiritual renaissance of beginning XX Century and the journal Put’ (for the decade anniversary of Put’.). Put’, 49, 3-22, 1935, trans. S. Janos. http://www.chebucto.ns.ca/Philosophy/Sui-Generis/Berdyaev/essays/rsr.htm

Young France and social justice. Dublin Review, 94, 37-46, 1935. First publ. in Russian, Put’, 39, 78-82, Jun. 1933.

1936

The brotherhood of men and the religions. In Proceedings of the World Congress of Faiths, 3-17 July 1936, ed. D. Millard. London, 1936, 75-84.

Christian optimism and pessimism. Christendom, 1, 417-427, 1936.

Is Russia going fascist? Christian Science Monitor. 17 Feb 1937, 1-2.

Lev Shestov and Kierkegaard. Sovremennye Zapiski, 62, 376-382, 1936, trans. S. Janos. http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1936_419.html

The meaning of history , trans. G. Reavey. Bles, London, 1936 and Meridian Books, Cleveland, 1962.

The problem of man: Towards the construction of a Christian anthropology. Put, 50, 3-26, 1936, trans. S. Janos. http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/ 1936_408.html

War and the Christian conscience. The Living Church, 94, 621-623, 1936.

1937

Concerning fanaticism, Orthodoxy and truth. Russkie Zapiski, 1, 180-191, 1937, trans. S. Janos. http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1937_430.html

The crisis of Christianity. Christendom, 2, 228-240, 1937. First publ. in Russian, 1931.

The destiny of man . Scribner’s Sons, New York, 1937. (Fourth ed., trans. N. Duddington. Published by Bles, London, 1954; Harper, New York, 1960 and Hyperion Press, Westport, 1979.).

The origin of Russian communism , trans. R. M. French. Bles, London, 1937. (Second edn. published Bles, London, 1948 and Univ. of Michigan Pr., Ann Arbor, 1960.).

Ortodoksia and humanness [review of] Archpriest Georgii Florovsky, The Ways of Russian Theology, YMCA Press, 1937. Put’, 53, 53-65, 1937, trans. S. Janos. http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1937_424.html

1938

The crime of anti-Semitism. Commonweal, 29, 706-709, 1938.

The fate of man in the modern world , trans. D. Lowrie. 2nd edn. SCM, London, 1938.

Human personality and Marxism , trans. J. F. Scanlan. Paladin, London, 1938. (Communism and Christians).

Marx versus man. Religion in Life, 7, 483-496, 1938.

Solitude and society , trans. G. Reavey. G. Bles, the Centenary press, London, 1938 and Greenwood Press, Westport, 1976.

Spiritual dualism and daily bread. American Scholar, 60, 319-324, 1938. First publ. in Russian in Sovremennye Zapiski.

War and the Christian conscience . Clarke, London, 1938 (Pax pamphlets, no. 2).

1939

The book of S. L. Frank, The unfathomable [Nepostizhimoe]. Put’, 60, 65-67, 1939, trans. S. Janos. http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1939_446.html

Does there exist freedom of thought and conscience in Orthodoxy? Put’, 59, 46-54, 1939, trans. S. Janos. http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1939_441.html

Fatality and faith. Christian Century, 56, 603-604, 1939.

The fundamental idea of the philosophy of Lev Shestov. Put’, 58, 44-48, 1939, trans. S. Janos. http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1938_439.html

The paradox of the lie. Sovremennye Zapiski, 69, 1939, trans. S. Janos. http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1939_xxx.html

Spirit and reality , trans. G. Reavey. Bles, London, 1939.

1940

Leontiev , trans. G. Reavey. Bles, London, 1940; Saunders, Toronto, 1940; Academic International, Orono, 1968; Folcroft, 1973; Norwood Editions, Norwood, 1975 and R. West, Philadelphia, 1977.

War and eschatology. Put’, 61, 3-14, 1940, trans. S. Janos. http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1939_452.html

1943

Slavery and freedom , trans. R. M. French. Bles, London, 1943 and Scribner’s Sons, New York, 1944.

1945

Attitudes toward the revolution: The evolution of ‘nationalism’ and of ‘internationalism’. Commonweal, 42, 570-572, 1945. First publ. in Russian, 1945.

1947

The person and the communal spirit in the conscience of the Russian people. Transformation, 4, 7-23, 1947. First publ. in French, 1945.

The Russian idea , trans. R. M. French. Bles, London, 1947; Macmillan, New York, 1948; Greenwood Press, Westport, 1979 and Lindisfarne Press, Hudson, 1992.

1.2 Posthumous English language publications 1948 –

The beginning and the end: An essay on eschatological metaphysics , trans. R. M. French. Bles, London, 1952; Harper, New York, 1952; P. Smith, Gloucester, 1970 and Greenwood Press, Westport, 1976.

Christian existentialism; a Berdyaev anthology , trans. D. A. Lowrie. Allen and Unwin, London, 1965 and Harper, New York, 1965.

Christianity and anti-Semitism , trans. A. A. Spears & V. B. Kanter. Hand & Flower Pr., Aldington, 1952 and Philosophical Library, New York, 1954.

Communism and Christianity. Epiphany, 8, 12-21, 1988.

Conversion to revolution and socialism: Marxism and idealism. Russian Studies in Philosophy, 39(1), 8-35, 2000.

The crisis of man in the modern world. International Affairs, 1948.

The divine and the human , trans. R. M. French. Bles, London, 1949.

The doctrine of Sophia. In The divine couple: A Christian book of mystery on eros-love, ed. R. J. Faas. Grailstine, St. Paul, 2001.

Dream and reality: An essay in autobiography , trans. K. Lampert. Bles, London, 1950 and Macmillan, New York, 1951.

The ethics of creativity. In Ultimate questions: An anthology of modern Russian religious thought, ed. & intro. A. Schmemann. Mowbray, London, 1977.

Heroism and asceticism: Reflections on the religious nature of the Russian intelligentsia. In Signposts: A collection of articles on the Russian intelligentsia, ed. M. Shatz & J. E. Zimmerman. C. Schlacks, Jr., Irvine, 1986. (Canadian Slavic studies.).

Master, slave and free man. In The psychology of freedom, ed. R. Van Over. Fawcett, Greenwich, 1974.

The meaning of the creative act , trans. D. A. Lowrie. Gollancz, London, 1955 and Harper, New York, 1955. (First published in Russian in 1916. Includes revisions made 1927 for German translation.).

My philosophic world-outlook. Vestnik Russkogo Studentcheskogo Khristianskogo Dvizheniya, 4-5, 1952, trans. S. Janos. http//:www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/ 1952_476.html

N. F. Federov. Russian Review, 9, 123-130, 1950.

Political testament. World Review, 1949. First publ. in French, Le Cheval Blanc, 4/5, 1948.

The realm of spirit and the realm of Caesar , trans. D. A. Lowrie. Gollancz, London, 1952; Harper, New York, 1952 and Greenwood Press, Westport, 1975.

The spirit of Orthodoxy. Sourozh – a Journal of Orthodox Life and Thought, 1, 3ff., Aug., 1980.

The spiritual state of the world today. Religion in Life, 17, 503-516, 1948.

Subjectivism and individualism. In Readings in Russian philosophic thought, ed. L. J. Shein. Mouton, Paris, 1968. Vol. 1.

Subjectivism and objectivism. In Russian philosophy. III. Pre-revolutionary philosophy and theology – philosophers in exile – Marxists and communists, ed. J. M. Edie, J. P. Scanlan & others. Quadrangle, Chicago, 1965.

The theology of Godmanhood. In The erosion of faith: An inquiry into the origins of the contemporary crisis of religious thought, ed. T. A. Indinopulos. Quadrangle, Chicago, 1971.

Towards a new epoch , trans. O. Clarke. Bles, London, 1949; Folcroft Library Editions, Folcroft, 1973; Norwood Editions, Norwood, 1976; R. West, Philadelphia, 1977.

The truth of Orthodoxy. Student World, 21, 249-263, 1958. http//:www.chebucto.ns.ca/Philosophy/Sui-Generis/Berdyaev/essays/orthodox.htm

Truth and revelation , trans. R. M. French. Bles, London, 1954 and Harper, New York, 1954.

Ungrund and Freedom [Introduction]. In J. Boehme. Six theosophic points and other writings. Univ. of Michigan Pr., Ann Arbor, 1958.

The voice of conscience from another world: An introduction. In Leo Tolstoy: Essays from Tula, ed. E. Lampert. Sheppard; London, 1948, 9-18.

2. Secondary sources in English and other Western European languages

Adiushkin, V. N. The social philosophy of N. Berdiaev in light of “Perestroika”. Soviet Studies in Philosophy, 30(4), 48-63, 1992.

Allen, E. L. Freedom in God: A guide to the thought of Nicholas Berdyaev. Hodder & Stoughton, London, n.d.; Philosophical Library, New York, 1951; Folcroft Library Editions; Folcroft, 1973, Norwood Editions, Norwood, 1975 and R. West, Philadelphia, 1977.

______. Barth and Berdyaev. London Quarterly and Holborn Review, 184, 136-139, 1959.

______. Nicholas Berdyaev. Contemporary Review, 186, 94-97, 1954.

Andelson, R. V. The concept of creativity in the thought of Rilke and Berdyaev. Personalist, 43, 226-232, 1962.

______. The creativity of Robert S. Dickens: Berdyaev as a character in fiction [A riposte to R. S. Dickens. Berdyaev’s concept of creativity. Personalist, 45, 250-254, 1964]. Personalist, 48, 393-402, 1967.

Anderson, J. F. The neo-Platonist symbolism of Nicolas Berdyaev. In The bond of being. Herder, St. Louis, 1949, 189-203.

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Kashuba, I. M. La solidarité existentielle: Une étude comparée entre la pensée de Charles Péguy et de Nicolas Berdiaev. PhD thesis. Middlebury College, 1972.

______. The fullness of creation as envisioned by Berdiaev. American Benedictine Review, 32(3), 270-281, 1981.

Kennedy, P. V. A philosophical appraisal of the modernist gnosticism of Nicholas Berdyaev. PhD thesis. St. Louis Univ., 1936.

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Kindersley, R. The first Russian revisionists: A study of ‘legal marxism’. Clarendon, Oxford, 1962.

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Klamroth, E. Der Gedanke der ewigen Schöpfung bei Nikolai Berdiajew. Herbert Reich-Evangelisher Vg., Hamburg, 1963. (Theologische Forschung; 29).

Klein, P. Die kreative Freiheit nach Nikolaj Berdjajew: Zeichen d. Hoffnung in e. gefallenen Welt. Pustet, Regensburg, 1976. (Studien zur Geschichte der katholischen Moraltheologie; 21).

______. Die Stellenwert der ‘kreativen Freiheit’ in der Christlichen Ethik. In Liberatem vocati estis. Miscellanea Berhard Haering ed. H. Boelaars & R. Tremblay. Acedemia Alfonsa, Rome, 1977, 77-99.

Klépinine, T. Bibliographie des oeuvres de Nicolas Berdiaev. Institut d’études slaves, Paris, 1978 (Bibliothèque russe de l’Institut d’études slaves. Série écrivains russes en France; 43).

Klimoff, A. Nicolas Berdiaeff ou la révolte contre l’objectivation. Seghers, Paris, 1967 (Philosophes de tous les temps; 32)

______. Nicolas Berdiaeff ou la révolte contre l’objectivication. Seghers, Paris, 1967.

______. Soljénitsyne, la science et la dignité de l’homme, suivi de Culture et anticulture chez Nicolas Berdiaeff et de Sans tarder. Société de Belles-Lettres Guy Maheux, Montréal, 1978.

______. Religious and anti-religious thought in Russia. Univ. of Chicago Pr., 1968.

Knapp, C. C. Nicolas Berdyaev, theologian of prophetic gnosticism. ThD. Thesis. Victoria Univ., 1948.

Knudsen, R. D. Symbol and reality in Nicolas Berdyaev. Westminster Theological Journal, 24, 38-47, 1961.

Kochetkov, G. The genius of Berdiaev and the church. Abstracts, Berdiaev conference (1st: Kiev: 1991). 1991, trans. P. Alexeev, A. Smirensky & A. Platonov. http://www.stphilaret.ru/berdyaev/genius.htm

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Kolpinska, A. I precursori della Rivoluzione Russa, con un saggio su “L’anima della Russia” di Nicola Berdiaev e un appendice su “La Russia e il principio di nazionalità” di Umberto Zanotti-Bianco. “La Voce”, Rome, 1918.

Köpcke-Duttler, A. Nicolai Berdiajew: Seine Philosophie und sein Beitrag zu einer personalistischen Pädagogik. Haag & Herchen, Frankfurt, 1981.

______. Nikolai Berdiajews Weg einer schöpferischen Bildung. Thesis. Würzburg, Univ., 1982. Haag und Herchen, Frankfurt, 1982.

______. Nikolai Berdiajews Kritik des materialistischen Kommunismus. Zietschrift für Religions und Geistesgeschichte, 41(3), 269, 1989.

Korinek, A. Une philosophie de la liberté créatrice. Gregorianum, 37, 93-103, 1956.

Korinek, L. A ideia de Deus na filosofia de Nicolau Berdiaeff. Dissertation. Pontifical Gergorian University, Rome 1950.

Koslowski, P. (ed.). Russische Religionsphilosophie und Gnosis: Philosophie nach dem Marxismus. Bernward, Hildesheim, 1992.

Kotelnikov, V. A. Dostoevsky’s prodigal son. Russian Studies in Philosophy, 39(1), 87-100, 2000.

Kranz, G. Der Philosoph N. A. Berdjajew. Die Kirche in der Welt. Wegweisung für die kath. Arbeit am Menschen der Gegenw. 11, 1960, 165 ff.

Kremser, R. Nikolai Berdjajews metaphysische Grundlegung der Geschichtsphilosophie. Thesis, Vienna. 1943.

Lampert, E. Nicolas Berdyaev and the new Middle Ages. Clarke, London, 1945.

______. Nicolas Berdyaev. In Modern Christian revolutionaries; an introduction to the lives and thought of: Kierkegaard, Eric Gill, G. K. Chesterton, C. F. Andrews and Berdyaev, ed. D. Attwater. Devin-Adair Company, New York, 1947, & Books for Libraries Press, Freeport, 1971, 309-390.

Lee, A. Berdyáev. London Quarterly and Holborn Review, 178, 180-183, 1953.

Lee, S. B. Freedom as the fundamental motif of the thought of Nicolas Berdyaev. PhD thesis. The Southern Baptist Theological Seminary, 1992.

Levitzky, S. Berdyaev’s philosophy – heresy or not? St Vladimir’s Seminary Quarterly, 4(4), 7-19, 1960.

Lévyne, E. Un Kabbaliste à la rencontre de Nicolas Berdiaev: Mystique juive et mystique russe. “Tsédek”, Paris, 1977.

Lewis, J. Marxism and the open mind. Routledge & Kegan Paul, London, 1957.

Lezov, S. The national idea and Christianity. Religion, State and Society, 20(1), 29-47, 1992.

Lieb, F. N. A. Berdjajew und seine christl.-sozialist. Philosophie. In Sophia und Historie. Aufss. z. östl. und westl. Geistes- und Theol.gesch., Zürich, 1962, 202 ff.

Lirondelle, A. L’archaïsme dans la modernité. Centre d’ études slaves, Université Jean-Moulin, Lyon, 1999.

Lisin, D. Philosopher of freedom. n.d. http://vis-www.cs.umass.edu/ ~dima/mytexts/suff.html

López Cambronero, M. Nikolái A. Berdiáev. Fundación Emmanuel Mounier, Madrid, 2001. (Colección Sinergia. Serie verde; 11).

Lossky, N. O. N. Berdyaev. In History of Russian philosophy. Allen & Unwin, London, 1952, 233-250.

Lowrie, D. A. Rebellious prophet; a life of Nicolai Berdyaev. Harper, New York, 1960 & Greenwood Press, Westport, 1974.

Lukac de Stier, M. L. El “comunitairsmo” como respuesta de Nicolas Berdiaeff a la cuestion social. Ethos, 213-252, 1997.

MacDonald, J. Nicholas Berdyaev. The Philosopher, 25, 1948.

MacGuigan, J. Communion in the thought of Nicolas Berdyaev: Whether the concept of Cartesian dualism is adequately resolved by Berdyaev’s * philosophy. ThM thesis. Vancouver School of Theology, 1980.

MacKay, D. G. M. Relations of God and man in the writing of Nicolas Berdyaev. Scottish Journal of Theology, 3, 380-396, 1950.

McLachlan, J. M. The desire to be God: Freedom and the Other in Sartre and Berdyaev. P. Lang, New York, 1992. (Studies in phenomenological theology; 1).

______. Existentialist interpretations of the desire to be God: Radical freedom in Sartre and Berdyaev. PhD Thesis. University of Toronto, 1989.

______. Mythology and freedom: Nicholas Berdyaev’s uses of Jacob Boehme’s Ungrund myth. Philosophy Today, 40(4), 474-485, 1996.

______. Nicolas Berdyaev’s existentialist personalism. Personalist Forum, 8(1 (Suppl.)), 57-65, 1992.

McNamara, V. J. The personalism of Nicolas Berdyaev. DPh thesis. Université Laval, 1959.

______. Some basic notions of the personalism of Nicolas Berdyaev. Laval Théologique et Philosophique, 16, 278-302, 1960.

Macquarrie, J. Existentialism. Hutchinson, London, 1972.

Magor, M. C. Creation in the theology of Nicholas Berdyaev. BD Thesis. McGill Univ., 1959.

Makolkin, A. Tyranny of nationality: Pushkin, Dostoevski, and Berdyaev. Russian Literature, 46(3), 299-312, 1999.

Mangalaza, E. Existence et objectivation: Essai sur Nicolas Berdiaeff. Doctoral thesis. Bordeaux, 1977.

Manthey, F. Künder und Deuter menschliche Existenz, 1966.

Maritain, J. & others, Four existentialist theologians: A reader from the works of Jacques Maritain, Nicolas Berdyaev, Martin Buber, and Paul Tillich. W. Herberg (ed.). Doubleday, Garden City, 1958 & Greenwood Press, Westport, 1975.

Markovíc, M. K. La philosophie de l’inégalité et les idées politiques de Nicolas Berdiaev. Nouvelles éditions latines, Paris, 1978. (Thesis. Univ. Paris II, 1975).

Martensen, D. F. The vision of integral transfiguration and the concept of creativity in Nicholai Alexandrovich Berdyaev: an exposition of the fundamental motif of Berdyaev’s thought with special reference to his concept of creativity. PhD thesis. Claremont Graduate Univ., 1964.

Mauriac, F. (ed.). Le communisme et les Chrétiens … r. p. Ducattillon. O. P., Nicolas Berdiaeff, Alexandre Marc, Denis de Rougemont, Daniel-Rops. Plon, Paris, 1937.

Marcadé, J.-C., La Philosophie de l’art de Berdiaev: Prologomènes à une théologie de l’art. In Colloque Berdiaev. Institut d’Études Slaves, Paris, 1978, 51-67.

Medusa, L. Nikolai Berdjaev, la morale: I valori morali nella riflessione di Nicolai Berdjaev. D’Auria, Napoli, 1984. (Biblioteca teologica napoletana; nuova ser.; 4).

Meerson, M. A. Put’ against Logos: The critique of Kant and neo-Kantianism by Russian religious philosophers in the beginning of the twentieth century. Studies in East European Thought, 47(3/4), 225-243, 1995.

______. Berdiaev: Christian mysticism grounds the doctrine of God’s humanity. In The Trinity of love in modern Russian theology. Franciscan Pr., Quincy, 1998, 99-116.

Men, A. Nikolai Aleksandrovich Berdyaev, n.d., trans. S. Janos 2002. http://home.earthlink.net/~amenpage/berdfrmn.htm

Mendez Francisco, L. The approach to the problem of liberty in N. Berdiaev: A study of liberty based on his most important works [translated Spanish title]. Rs, Cuadernos de Realidades Sociales, 12, 89-113, Jan. 1977.

Merton, T. A Search for solitude, 1952. http://www.krotov.org/engl/berdyaev/ merton.html

Meusel, J. Geschichtlichkeit und Mystik im Denken Nikolai Berdjajews. Thesis. Berlin Free Univ., 1962

Moltmann, J. ‘The Tragedy in God’. In The Trinity and the kingdom of God. The doctrine of God, trans. M Kohl. SCM, London, 1981, 42-47.

Morrel, G. W. Christian existentialism at the edge of the cliff. Saint Luke’s Journal of Theology, 16, 59-64, 1973.

Müller, L. Russ. Geist und Ev. Christentum. 1951.

Munzer, E. Nicolas Berdyaev. University of Toronto Quarterly, 14, 1944.

Murphey, P. W. The concept of death in the theology of Nicholas Berdyaev, Paul Tillich and Helmut Thielicke. PhD thesis. Vanderbilt Univ., 1964.

Nastali, W. Geschichte, Christentum und Freiheit bei Berdjajew. Wiener Jahrbuch für Philosophie, 97-128, 1993.

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Neretina, S. Philosophy of culture before and after October. Studies in East European Thought, 46(3), 197-222, 1994.

Nichols, S. R. Berdyaev’s social philosophy in the light of his concept of freedom MA Thesis. Boston University, 1958

Nivat, G. Chestov et Berdiaeff: La liberté, cet avant-Dieu. Magazine littéraire, 320, 32-34, Apr., 1994.

Nucho, F. N. Berdyaev’s philosophy: The existential paradox of freedom and necessity, a critical study. Gollancz, London, 1967.

______. The meaning of freedom in the philosophy of Nicolas Berdyaev. PhD. thesis. Temple Univ., 1962.

Osborn, R. T. Nicolas Berdyaev: Freedom to create. In Freedom in modern theology. Westminster Pr., Philadelphia, 1967, ch 5.

______. Subject and object in Barth and Berdyaev. St Vladimir’s Seminary Quarterly, 9(4), 160-170, 1965.

O’Sullivan, N. The tragic vision in the political philosophy of Nikolai Berdyaev (1874-1948). History of Political Thought, 19(1), 79-99, 1998.

Owens, L. Metacommunism: Kazantzakis, Berdyaev and “the new middle age”. Slavic and East European Journal, 45(3),431-450, 2001.

Panu, S. Der Gottesbegriff bei Berdiajew. Munich, 1969.

______. Das Kirchenverstaendnis N. Berdjaevs. Kyrios, 1970, 76-83.

París, C. Berdiaeff. Alférez, 2(14/15), 10, 30 Apr., 1948. http://www.filosofia.org/hem/194/alf/ez1410c.htm

Pascal, P. (ed.). Colloque Berdiaev / organisé par l’Association Nicolas Berdiaev et le Laboratoire de slavistique de l’Institut d’études slaves, Sorbonne, 12 avril 1975. Institut d’études slaves, Paris, 1978. (Bulletin de l’association Nicolas Berdiaev; no 5).

______. Personal reminiscences […] of N. Berdjajew. Extracts from a paper to the Colloque Berdiaev, Paris, 1975, trans. K. Bambauer. http://www.berdyaev.com/ berdiaev/bambauer/Berd_PPascal.html

Patterson, D. Dostoevsky’s poetics of spirit: Bakhtin and Berdyaev. Dostoevsky Studies, 8, 201-231, 1987.

Patterson, J. G. The life of the spirit: Nicolas Berdyaev’s vision of the dialectic of spiritual life and the application of this vision to the contemporary problem of an image of man. Ph.D. Thesis. Vanderbilt University, 1979.

Pattison, G. Anxious angels: A retrospective view of religious existentialism. Macmillan, London, 1999.

Pavlick, J. Nicholas Berdyaev’s theory of history. Doctoral thesis. Saint Louis Univ., 1954.

Petter, J. H. The concept of evil in the works of Nicolas Berdyaev. BD thesis. Univ. Chicago, 1959.

Petzold, H. Bruchstuecke eines unveroeffentlichten Briefwechsels von Nikolaj Berdjaev. Kyrios, 1971.

Pfleger, K. Aux prises avec le Christ: Péguy, Bloy, Gide, Chesterton, Dostoievski, Soloviev, Berdiaev. Paris, Éditions Salvator, 1949.

______. Geister, die um Christus ringen. 6th edn. Kerle, Heidelberg, 1951, 293ff.

______. Wrestlers with Christ, trans. E. I. Watkins. Sheed & Ward, London, 1936.

Phillips, R. M. Time, freedom and self-consciousness in the philosophies of Karl Jaspers and Nicolas Berdyaev. PhD thesis. Bryn Mawr College, 1961.

Phytian-Adams, W. Thought and significance of N. Berdyaev. Church Quarterly Review, 76, 245-268, 1938.

Pittman, D. C. The character of human freedom and its implications for the parish minister: an exploration based on the thought of Nicolai Alexandrovitch Berdyaev and Frederick S. Perls. Thesis. Chester Reld Sch of Theology at Claremont, 1975.

Poltoratzky, N. P. N. Berdyaev’s interpretation of Russia’s historical mission. Slavonic and East European Review. 45, 1967, 193 ff.

Porret, E. Berdiaeff, prophète des temps nouveaux. Delachaux & Niestlé, Neuchâtel, 1951. (Les Grands témoins).

______. La philosophie chrétienne en Russie: Nicolas Berdiaeff. Éditions de la Baconnière, Neuchatel, 1944.

______. Nicolas Berdiaeff et la philosophie religieuse russe du XIXe siècle, Neuchatel, 1936.

______. Nikolaj Berdjajew und die christliche Philosophie in Russland. F. H. Kerle, Heidelberg, 1950.

______. La philosophie sociale de Nicolas Berdiaeff. Christianisme Social, 51, 16-30, 1938.

______. Personnalisme existentiel de Nicolas Berdiaeff. Revue d’Histoire et de Philosophie Religieuses, 30, 161-175, 1950.

______. Un gnostique moderne: Nicolas Berdiaeff. Foi et Vie, 99/100, 184-199, 1938.

Presnall, R. E. The concept of human freedom in the ethics of Nicolas Berdyaev. PhD. thesis. Southwestern Baptist Theological Seminary, 1955.

Prunet, O. Les grands thèmes de l’éthique de Berdiaeff. Revue d’Histoire et de Philosophie Religieuses, 32, 266-281, 1952.

Redlich, R. N. Filosofija ducha N. A. Berdjaeva. Possev-Verlag, Frankfurt, 1972. (Bibliotecka solidarista. Ser. Filosofskaja; 2).

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Reymond, A. Les caractères de la philosophie russe d’après Nicolas Berdiaeff. Revue de Théologie et de Philosophie, 34, 89-90, 1946.

Richards, E. B. Nicholas Berdyaev: Christianity and history. Journal of Bible and Religion, 28, 432-436, 1960.

______. & Garner, W. R. The political implications of Nicholas Berdyaev’s philosophy. Journal of the History of Ideas, 31, 121-128, 1970.

Richardson, D. B. Berdyaev’s philosophy of history: An existentialist theory of social creativity and eschatology. Martinus Nijhoff, The Hague, 1968.

______. Explanation of Berdyaev’s philosophy of history. Ph.D Thesis. University of Toronto, 1954.

Rieger, M. Inkarnation: Christliches Heilsverständnis im Kontext französischsprachiger Theologie der Menschwerdung. Lang, Frankfurt, 1993. (European university studies. Series 23, Theology; 496).

Ronco, A. L’Esistenzialismo religioso di N. Berdiaev: Contributi ad una sintesi valutativa. .. . Scuola grafica Borgo Ragazzi di Don Bosco, Rome, 1960.

Rossignotti, M. Persona e tempo in Berdjaev. ESD, Bologna, 1993.

Rössler, R. Das Weltbild Nikolai Berdjajews; Existenz und Objektivation. Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, Göttingen, 1956. (Forschungen zur systematischen Theologie und Religionswissenschaft; 2).

______. Voraussetzungen und Grdl.n der Objektivationsidee N. A. Berdjajews. Ein Btr. z. neueren russ. Geistesgeschichte. Thesis. Heidelberg, 1954.

Rossman, V. A world of love. and how to get there: a revolutionary faith for the 21st Century: Session 17: Providence in the age of the Spirit. n.d. http://www.bridges-across.org/wol/sess17.htm

Rowell, E. M. Meditation on Berdyaev’s “three times”. Hibbert Journal, 48, 252-256, 1950.

Russische Religionsphilosophie I & II. Hofgeismar, 1993. (Hofgeismarer Protokolle; 303). Contents includes: Dietrich, W. Löscht den Geist nicht aus – Nikolai Berdjajews freie christliche Philosophie [also in: Theol. Zeitschrift der Universität Basel, 1995]; Dietrich, W. Wandlung der Welt-Profile russischer Religionsphilosophie in der Sicht Nikolai Berdjajews; Frenkin, A. Das Erbe A. Nikolai Berdjajews und die neue politische Philosophie Russlands heute; Köpcke-Duttler, A. Berdjajews Christentum und Gewaltfreiheit.

Ryan, J.K. (ed.). Twentieth century thinkers: Studies in the work of 17 modern philosophers. Alba House, New York, 1965.

Sabant, P. Christ, freedom and salvation in the thought of Nicholas Berdyaev. Ecumenical Review, 26, 483-494, 1974.

Salazar, J. M. Apreciaciones de Nicolas Berdiaeff sobre el sentido de la historia. Humanitas, 20, 31-40, 1979.

Santara, M. Les idées politiques de Nicolas Berdiaeff. Thesis, Univ Paris I. 1972.

Sass, F. W. The nature of God in the writings of Nicolas Berdyaev. STM Thesis. McGill Univ., 1954.

Schestow, L. N. Berdjajew Gnosis und Existenzphilosophie. In Spekulation und Offb. Essays und krit. Betrachtungen. Dt. v. H. Ruoff, 1963, 355ff. 455

Schimanski, S. Nicolas Berdyaev. Hibbert Journal, 46, 312-314, 1947.

______. Nicolas Berdyaev. Hibbert Journal, 48, 252-256, 1950.

Schlötermann, H. Vom göttlichen Urgrund: Acht Gespräche über das Christentum von Meister Eckhart bis Berdiajew. Meiner, Hamburg, 1950.

Schmitt, C. & others (eds). Vital realities. Macmillan, New York, 1932.

Schreier, M. La metafisica escatologica di Nicolaj A. Berdjaev: Una rapsodia russa. Thesis. Pontificia Universita Lateranense, Rome, 1990.

______. La metafisica di Nicolaj A Berdjaev: Una rapsodia russa. Aquinas, 34(2), 245-280, 1991.

Schultze, B. Russ. Denker. Ihre Stellung zu Christus, Kirche und Papsttum, Wien 1950, 359ff.

______. Nicolas Alexandrovich Berdyaev and his work. The Eastern Churches Quarterly, 7, 41-53, 1950.

Schultze, P. B. Die schau der kierche bei Nikolai Berdiajew. Pont. Institutum Orientalium Studiorum, Rome, 1938. (Orientalia christiana analecta, 116).

Scott, B. D. The eschatological basis of creativity in Berdyaev’s religious philosophy. MA Thesis. Berkley, Pacific School of Religion, 1978.

Seaver, G. Nicolas Berdyaev, an introduction to his thought. Clarke, London, 1950 & Harper, New York, 1950.

Segundo, J. L. Berdiaeff; une réflexion chrétienne sur la personne. Aubier, Paris, 1963. (Théologie, 53).

Senn, F. C. Berdyaev, Orthodoxy, and the theology of hope. Journal of Ecumenical Studies, 7, 455-475, 1970.

Sergeev, M. Liberation from the Soviet past: A reflection on the possibility of post-Gulag theologies. Religion in Eastern Europe, 19, 1-14, 1999.

______. Post-modern themes in the philosophy of Nicholas Berdyaev. Religion in Eastern Europe, 14, 29-38, 1994.

______. Sophiological themes in the philosophy of Nikolai Berdiaev. Transactions of the Association of Russian-American Scholars in the U.S.A., 29, 59-72, 1988. home.early.com/~msergeev/berdiaev.htm

Shahan, R. W. A consideration of the evidence adduced by Berdyaev for the reality of freedom and its priority over being. PhD thesis. Northwestern Univ., 1970.

Sharkey, O. Mystery of God in process theology. In God in contemporary thought. Learned Pub, New York, 1977, 683-725. (Philosophical questions series; 10).

Sharma, J. The philosophy of Nicolas Berdyaev. Indian Philosophical Quarterly, 21(4), 337-345, 1994.

Sheldon, J. G. The orientation of Nicolas Berdyaev: his relation To Jacob Boehme, Fyodor Dostoyevsky, Friedrich Nietzsche, and Henric Ibsen. PhD thesis. Indiana Univ., 1954.

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______. In praise of folly: On the occasion of Nikolai Berdiaev’s book Sub specie aeternitatis. Russian Studies in Philosophy, 39(1), 36-53, 2000.

Shishkin A. The Platonic and Sufi symposium at the so-called Tower in Saint Petersburg: Berdyaev and Ivanov,Vyacheslav [translated French title], Cahiers du Monde Russe et Sovietique, 35(1-2),15-79, Jan.-Jun., 1994.

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Slaatte, H. Time and its end in the existentialism of Nicholas Berdyaev. Ph.D. Thesis. Drew Univ., 1956.

______. Personality, spirit, and ethics: The ethics of Nicholas Berdyaev. Lang, New York, 1997.

______. The pertinence of the paradox: A study in the dialectics of reason in existence. Humanities Pr., New York, 1968.

______. Time and its end: A comparative existential interpretation of time and eschatology. Univ. Pr. of America, Washington, 1980.

______. Time, existence, and destiny: Nicholas Berdyaev’s philosophy of time. Lang, New York, 1988.

Slesinski, R. Berdyaev and the relation of sex, love and marriage. In Existential personalism, ed. D. O. Dahlstrom. American Catholic Philosophical Association, Washington, 1986, 245-252 (Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association; 60).

______. Nicolas A. Berdyaev: An appreciation. Diakonia, 24(3), 187-200, 1991.

Smirnov, A. The path to truth. Ibn ‘Arabi and Nikolai Berdiaev (Two types of mystical philosophizing). Russian Studies in Philosophy, 31(3), 7-39, Winter, 1992-3. http://www.iph.ras.ru/~orient/eng/pube/ianbe.htm

Smith, D. C. The concept of man in the philosophies of Berdiaev and Nietzsche. Epoché, 17, 1-28, 1989.

Sorokin, P. A. Social philosophies of an age of crisis. Beacon, Boston, 1950.

Spécial Nicolas Berdiaeff. Ésprit, 8, 1948

Spinka, M. Christian thought from Erasmus to Berdyaev. Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, 1962 & Greenwood Press, Westport, 1979.

______. Nicolas Berdyaev, captive of freedom. Westminster Pr, Philadelphia, 1950.

Spinka, M. Berdyaev’s criticism of Communism. International Review of Mission, 37, 264-272, 1948.

______. Nicholas Berdyaev. In Christianity and the existentialists, ed. C. Michalson. Scribner’s Sons, New York, 1950.

______. Origen and Berdyaev: A comparison. Church History, 16, 3-21, 1947.

Stammler, H. The crisis of modern art: Nicholas Berdiaev’s prophetic critique. Touchstone, 4, 17-21, 44, 1991.

Steinle, W. N. A. Berdjajews Freiheit führt zu Christus. In: Menschen vor Gott, ed. A. Ringwald, 1, 1957, 196f.

Stepun, F. Der ohnmächtige Gott und die Mächte des Bösen in der Freiheitsphilosophie Nikolai Berdjajews. Barth, Munich, 1958.

______. Mystische Weltschau; fünf Gestalten des russischen Symbolismus. Hanser, Munich, 1964.

______. Nikolai Berdjajew im bolschewistischen Russland. In Veritati, eine Sammlung geistesgeschichticher, philosophischer und theologischer Abhandlungen. Als Festgabe für Johannes Hessen zu seinem 60 Geburtstag dargebracht von Kollegen, Freunden und Schülern, ed. W. Falkenhahn. E. Reinhardt, Munich 1949.

Stern, H. Die Gesellschaftsphilosophie Nikolai Berdjajews. Inauguration thesis. Univ. Cologne, 1966.

Stolpe, S. Nikolaj Berdjajef. Bonnier, Stockholm, 1946.

Story, J. C. Journey through paradox: a critical analysis of the thought of Nicholas Berdiaev, 1899-1914. PhD thesis. Columbia Univ., 1971.

Strotmann, T. Karl Barth et l’orient chrétien. Irénikon, 42(1), 33-52, 1969.

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