A Bibliography of English translations of works by Nikolai Alexandrovich Berdyaev (1874–1948).

Nicholas Berdyaev.

Никола́й Алекса́ндрович Бердя́ев (1874–1948).

English translations of his works.

A bibliography compiled by Brian McKinlay.

In memory of Archpriest Stephan Janos, 1947–2021.


In 1978, after extraordinary research, Tamara Klépinine (1897–1987)[1] published an authoritative bibliography of Berdyaev’s published works, including translations into numerous languages.[2] Only a few original Russian items were missed. The present bibliography builds on Klépinine work to offer an updated account of English translations of Berdyaev’s work.
The publication and study of Berdyaev’s work has much increased in Russia since the end of Communist rule; the publication in Russian of Berdyaev’s writing, including reprints and anthologies, is documented by Yakov Krotov at http://krotov.info/4/texts/02_b/Berdyayev_000.htm and http://www.berdyaev.com/Krotov%20Bibliografiya%20Berdyaeva.htm.

Since 1978, many additional English translations of Berdyaev have also appeared, particularly through the prodigious labours of the late Father Stephan Janos of the Orthodox Church in America. Much of Janos’s translation has been published in printed books under his own imprint, frsj Publications, which are available from online booksellers. Note that the bibliography excludes a separate listing of items translated by Stephan Janos that are included in his published books.[3] Approximately 70 of Janos’s translations into English of articles by Berdyaev, however, are available only online, mostly on his website, http://www.berdayev.com. Links to each of these are included here, together with a small number of other translations available only online.

Klépinine numbered each of Berdyaev’s works listed in her bibliography. That numbering is widely used to identify the originals of Berdyaev’s works and is used here. Klépinine also added ‘a’, ‘b’, ‘c’, etc. to denote translations into various languages. As new translations have appeared, this further identification has become outdated.This bibliography is arranged according to the date of first publication in any language, rather than the date of the first English publication. Wherever identifiable, the original sources have been noted (usually, but not exclusively, in Russian). For some items in magazines and anthologies, however, it has proven difficult to identify the source.

Corrections and additions will be welcomed by brian@nottoomuch.com.

March 2022.

[1]. There is biographical note at https://www.babelio.com/auteur/Tamara-Fedorovna-Klepinina/193086https://www.babelio.com/auteur/Tamara-Fedorovna-Klepinina/193086
[2]. Tamara Klépinine. Bibliographie des œuvres de Nicolas Berdiaev. Paris: Institit d’Études Slaves, 1978 (Serie: Écrivains russes en France).
[3]. Sub Specie Aeternitatis: Articles Philosophic, Social and Literary (1900–1906) (frsj Publications, 2019); The Spiritual Crisis of the Intelligentsia: Articles on Societal and Religious Psychology (1907–1909). (frsj Publications, 2015); The Fate of Russia. (frsj Publications, 2017); Astride the Abyss of War and Revolutions: Articles 1914–1922. (frsj Publications, 2017); The Crisis of Art (frsj Publications, 2018).



Sub Specie Aeternitatis: Articles Philosophic, Social and Literary (1900–1906). frsj Publications, 2019. 0999197924 (hbk); 0999197932 (pbk), Translated by Stephan Janos from Sub specie aeternitatis: Опыты философские, социальные и литературные (1900–1906). Compiled by Nicholas Berdyaev from his own published articles. St Petersburg: М. В. Пирожков, 1907. [K. 3]
Concerning Realism (In Place of an Introduction), pp. 1–6.
1. The Struggle for Idealism, pp. 7–36.
From: ‘Борьба за идеализм.’ Мир Божий (Jun., 1901): 1–26. [K. 105]
2. Towards a Philosophy of Tragedy (Maurice Maeterlinck), pp. 37–60.
From: ‘К философии трагедии М Метерлинк.’ In Литературное дело: Сборник. St Petersburg: А. Е. Колпинского, 1902, 162–184. [K. 49,1]
3. The Ethical Problem in Light of Philosophic Idealism, pp. 61–104.
From: ‘Этическая проблема в свете философии идеализма.’ In Проблемы идеализма: Сборник статей. Moscow: Москва психологического общества, 91–136. [K. 50,1]
4. A Critique of Historical Materialism, pp. 105–138.
From: ‘Критика исторического материализма.’ Мир Божий (Oct 1903): 1–30. [K. 108]
5. The Political Meaning of the Religious Tumult in Russia, pp. 139–158.
From: ‘Политический смысл религиозного брожения в россии.’ Освобождение, no. 37 (1903): 218–20 & no. 38 (1903): 242–45. [K. 109]
6. On the Modern Russian idealism, pp. 159–198.
From: ‘О новом русском идеализме.’ Вопросы философии и психологии, no. 75 (1904): 683–724. [K. 111]
7. A. S. Khomyakov as Philosopher: For the Centennial of His Birth, pp. 199–206.
From: ‘А. С. Хомяков как философ: К столетию дня рождения.’ Мир Божий, (Jul., 1904): 17–22. [K. 110] http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1904_110_3.html.
8. N. K. Mikhailovsky and B N Chicherin, pp. 207–22.
    From: ‘Дневник публициста: Н. К. Михайловский и Б. Н. Чичерин: О личности, рационализме, демократии и пр.’ Новый путь (Oct., 1904): р. 278–95. [K. 112]
9. An Answer to Critics, pp. 223–34.
From: ‘О полемике. Ответ критикам. “Идеализм” и наука. ”Идеализм” и свобода. Отношение ‘идеализма’ к переживаемому нами моменту: Группировка общественных направлений.’ Новый Путь. (1904): 361–75. [K. 113]
10. The Fate of Russian Conservatism, pp. 235–244.
From: ‘Судьба русского консерватизма: В защиту свободы мысли и свободного искания.’ Новый Путь. (1904): 324–33. [K. 114]
11. The Catechesis of Marxism, pp. 245–54.
From: ‘Катехизис марксизма.’ Вопросы жизни, no. 2 (1905): 369–79. [K. 115] http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1905_115.html.
12. Tragedy and the Everyday Ordinary (L. Shestov), pp. 255–84.
From: ‘Рагедия и обыденность (Л. Шестов).’ Вопросы жизни, no. 3 (1905): 255–88. [K. 117]
13. Culture and Politics. Philosophy of Modern Russian History, pp. 285–98.
From: ‘Дневник публициста: культура и политика (К философии новой русской истории).’ Вопросы жизни, no. 4/5 (1905): 320–34. [K. 118] http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1905_118.html.
14. The Crisis of Rationalism within Contemporary Philosophy, pp. 299–314.
From: ‘Кризис рационализма в современной философии (В. Виндельбанд. Прелюдии).’ Вопросы жизни, no. 6 (1905): 168–84. [K. 119]
15. K. Leont’ev: Philosopher of a Reactionary Romanticism, pp. 315–46.
From: ‘К. Леонтьев — философ реакционной романтики.’ Вопросы жизни, no. 7 (1905): 165–98. [K. 120] http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1905_120.html.
16. In Defense of the Word, pp. 347–50.
From: ‘“В защиту слова”.’ Вопросы жизни, no. 8 (1905): 165–8. [K. 121]
17. Concerning the New Religious Consciousness, pp. 351–90.
From: ‘О новом религиозном сознании (Д Мережковский).’ Вопросы жизни, no. 9 (1905): 147–188. [K. 122]
18. Revolution and Culture, pp. 391–398.
From: ‘Революция и культура (М. Горький).’ Полярная звезда, no. 2 (1905): 146–55. [K. 123]
19. Towards an History and Psychology of Russian Marxism, pp. 399–408.
From: ‘К истории и психологии русского марксизма.’ Полярная звезда, no. 10 (1906): 678–86. [K. 126] http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1906_126.html.
20. The Russian Gironde, pp. 409–16.
From: ‘Русская жиронда.’ Наша жизнь, no. 362 (1906). [K. 125]
21. On the Paths of Politics, pp. 417–30.
From: ‘О путях политики.’ Свобода и культура, no. 2 (1906): 106–21. [K. 127]
22. Democracy and Philistinism, pp. 431–38.
From: ‘Демократия и мещанство.’ Московский еженедельник, no. 11 (1906): 332–5. [K. 129]
23. Concerning the Will of the People, pp. 439–48.
From: ‘О народной воле.’ Московский еженедельник, no. 20 (1906): 31–9. [K. 130] http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1906_130_3.html.
24. Reason and Healthy (sic): An Approach to Meaning, pp. 449ff.


The Spiritual Crisis of the Intelligentsia: Articles on Societal and Religious Psychology (1907–1909). frsj Publications, 2015. isbn: 0996399216. Translated by Stephan Janos from Духовный Кризис Интеллигенции: Статьи По Общественной и Религиозной Психологии: 1907–9. St Petersburg: Общественная польза, 1910. [K. 4]
Introduction, pp. 11–16.
Part I. Intelligentsia. Revolution. Nationalness. Literature.
I.1. Decadentism and Mystical Realism, pp. 17–30.
    From: ‘Декадентство и мистический реализм.’ Русская мысль, no. 6 (Jun., 1907): 114–23. [K. 138] http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1907_138_4.html.
I.2. Russian God Seekers, frsj Publications, pp. 31–43.
    From: ‘Русские богоискатели.’ Московский еженедельник, no. 29 (1907): 18–28. [K. 131] http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1907_131_4.html.
I.3. As to the Psychology of the Revolution, pp. 44–67.
    From: ‘К психологии революции.’ Русская мысль, no. 7 (Jul., 1908): 123–38. [K. 150]
I.4. On the Psychology of the Russian Intelligentsia, pp. 68–80.
    From: ‘Из психологии русской интеллигенции.’ Московский еженедельник, no. 42 (1907): 11–22. [K. 132]
I.5. Rebellion and Submission in the Psychology of The Masses, pp. 81–91.
    From: ‘Бунт и покорность в психологии масс.’ Московский еженедельник, no. 50 (1907): 21–30. [K. 133]
I.6. A Sick Russia, pp. 92–104.
    From: ‘Больная россия.’ Слово, no. 388 (1908). [K. 140]
I.7. Against ‘Maximalism’, pp. 105–12.
    From: ‘Против “максимализма”.’ Московский еженедельник, no. 35 (1908): 17–23. [K. 145]
I.8. Merezhkovsky Concerning the Revolution, pp. 113–31.
    From: ‘Мережковский о революции.’ Московский еженедельник, no. 25 (1908): 3–19. [K. 144]
I.9. Russia and the West: Thoughts, Evoked by the article of P. V. Struve, ‘Great Russia’, pp. 132–140.
    From: ‘Россия и запад.’ Слово, no. 506 (1908). [K. 141]
I.10. The Question Concerning the Intelligentsia and the Nation, pp. 141–50.
    From: ‘К вопросу об интеллигенции и нации.’ Слово, no. 636 (1906). [K. 142]
I.11. Concerning ‘Literary Disintegration’, pp. 151–66.
    From: ‘О “литературном распаде”.’ Московский еженедельник, no. 49 (1908): 39–53. [K. 146]
I.12. The Overcoming of Decadence, pp. 167–77.
    From: ‘Преодоление декадентства (3. гиппиус).’ Московский еженедельник, no. 19 (1909): 49–58. [K. 153]
I.13. Regarding a Certain Remarkable Book (Otto Weininger: Sex and Character), pp. 178–85.
    From: ‘По поводу одной замечательной книги (О Вейнингер: Пол и характер).’ Вопросы философии и психологии, no. 98 (1909): 494–500. [K. 157] http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1909_157_4.html.
I.14. Philosophic Truth (Istina) and Intelligentsia Just Truth (Pravda), pp. 186–208.
    From: ‘Философская истина и интеллигентская правда.’ In Вехи: Сборник статей о русской интеллигенции. Moscow: М. Саблина, 1909, pp. 1–22. [K. 52,1]
I.15. Black Anarchy, pp. 209–16.
    From: ‘Черная анархия.’ Слово (17 Apr., 1909). [K. 152]
Part II. Religion. Church.
II.1. Nihilism on a Religious Soil, pp. 217–24.
From: ‘Нигилизм на религиозной почве.’ Век (6 May, 1907). [K. 135] http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1907_135_4.html.
II.2. The Question Concerning the Relationship of Christianity to the Societal Movement, pp. 225–36.
    From: ‘К вопросу об отношении христианства к общественности.’ Век (24 Jun., 1907). [K. 136]
II.3. The Dispute over Church and State in Russia, pp. 237–50.
    From: ‘Распря церкви и государства.’ Вопросы религии, no.2 (1908), 108–122. Moscow: Ефимова. [K. 51,1]
II.4. Christ and the World (Reply to V. V. Rozanov, pp. 251–71.
    From: ‘Христос и мир (Ответ В. Розанову).’ Русская мысль, no. 1 (Jan., 1908): 42–55. [K. 149] http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1908_149_4.html.
II.5. Catholic Modernism and the Crisis of the Contemporary Consciousness, pp. 272–94.
    From: ‘Католический модернизм и кризис современного сознания.’ Русская мысль, no. 9 (Sep., 1908): 80–94. [K. 151]
II.6. Attempt at a Philosophical Justification of Christianity (Concerning the Book of V. Nesmelov The Science of Man), pp. 295–322.
    From: ‘Опыт философского оправдания христианства (В И Несмелов: Наука о человеке).’ Русская мысль, no. 9 (Sep., 1909): 54–72. [K. 158] http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1909_158_4.html.
II.7. An Open Letter to Archbishop Anthony [Khrapovitsky], pp. 323–24.
    From: ‘Открытое письмо Арх. Антонию.’ Московский еженедельник, no. 32 (1909): 39–46. [K. 154]


The Philosophy of Freedom. frsj Publications, 2020. isbn: 0999197940 (hbk); 0999197959 (pbk). Translated by Stephan Janos from Философия Свободы: Гносеологическая Проблема. Moscow: Путь, 1911. [K. 5]
Foreword, pp. 1–4.
Part I.
1. Philosophy and Religion, pp. 5–29.
2. Faith and Knowledge, pp. 30–59.
3. The Gnoseological Problem, pp. 61–90.
4. Concerning an Ontological Gnoseology, pp. 91–118.
Part II.
5. The Origin of Evil and the Meaning of History.
Preliminary, pp. 119–24.
5.1. About the Origin of Evil and Sin About God as Trinity, pp. 125–46.
5.2. Concerning the History of the World Prior to Christ; Concerning the Old Testament and Paganism, pp. 147–53.
5.3. Christ and the New Testament, pp. 154–59.
5.4. Concerning Christian History and Historical Christianity, pp. 160–70.
5.5. Concerning a Third Testament and its Connection with the Meaning of History, pp. 171–88.
Summation on Suffering and Responsibility, pp. 189–96.
6. On Christian Freedom, pp. 197–210.
7. Mysticism and the Church, pp. 211–36.
Addendum: A Refined Thebaid (The Religious Drama of Huysmans), pp. 237ff.


Aleksei Stepanovich Khomyakov. frsj Publications, 2017. isbn: 0996399259 (hbk); 0999197916 (pbk). Translated by Stephan Janos from Алексей Степанович Хомяков. Moscow: Путь, 1912. [K. 6]
Preface, pp. 1–2.
1. The Origins of Slavophilism, pp. 3–22.
2. Aleksei Stepanovich Khomyakov as a Person, pp. 23–58.
3. Khomyakov as Theologian: His Teachings about the Church, pp. 59–82.
4. Khomyakov as Philosopher: His Gnoseology and Metaphysics, pp. 83–102.
5. Khomyakov’s Philosophy of History, pp. 103–30.
6. The Teaching of Khomyakov Concerning Society and the State, pp. 131–46.
7. The Teaching of Khomyakov on Nationalness and the National Vocation, pp. 147–62.
8. The Significance of Khomyakov: The Fate of Slavophilism, pp. 163–78.
The Slavophilism of the Ruling Powers, pp. 179–90.
Translator Comments, pp. 191ff.


The Meaning of the Creative Act. London: Gollancz, 1955. Includes revisions made in 1927 for the German translation. Reprinted: Semantron Press, 2009. Translated by Donald A. Lowrie from Смысл творчества: Опыт оправдания человека. Moscow: Г. А. Леман и С. И. Сахаров, 1916. [K. 8]
Author’s Preface for the German edition.
1. Philosophy as a Creative Act.
2. Man, Microcosm and Macrocosm.
3. Creativity and Redemption.
4. Creativity and Gnosselogy.
5. Creativity and Being.
6. Creativity and Freedom: Individualism and Universalism.
7. Creativity and Asceticism: The Genius and the Saint.
8. Creativity and Sex: Male and Female: Race and Personality.
9. Creativity and Love: Marriage and the Family.
10. Creativity and Beauty: Art and Theurgy.
11. Creativity and Morals: The New Ethic of Creativity.
12. Creativity and the Structure of Society.
13. Creativity and Mysticisms: Occultism and Magic.
14. Three Epochs: Creativity and Culture, Creativity and the Church, Creativity and Christian Renaissance.
‘The Meaning of the Creative Act [extracts].’ Translated by Stephan Janos and Donald A. Lowrie. In Creativity Will Save the World: Towards a Spiritual Humanism. Nashville: Alva Addison, 2021.


Nationalism and Imperialism.
Nationalism and Messianism.
See translations by Stephan Janos The Fate of Russia. frsj Publications, 2017. (below)
The Free Church.
Is a Social Revolution Possible?
The People and the Classes in the Russian Revolution.
See translations by Stephan Janos in Astride the Abyss of War and Revolutions: Articles 1914–1922. frsj Publications, 2017. (below)


The Fate of Russia. frsj Publications, 2017. isbn: 0996399240. Translated by Stephan Janos from Судьба России: Опыты по психологии войны и национальности. Moscow: Г. А. Леман и С. И. Сахаров Г. А. Леман и С. И. Сахаров, 1918. [K. 15]
In Place of a Preface: Worldwide Danger, pp. 1–6.]
Part I: The Psychology of the Russian People.
The Soul of Russia, pp. 7–32.
    From: Душа россии. Moscow: И. Д. Сытин, 1915. [K. 7] http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1915_007.html.
Concerning the ‘Eternal Baba’ in the Russian Soul, pp. 33–44.
    From: ‘О вечно-бабьем в русской душе.’ Биржевые Bедомости, no.s 14610–4612 (14–15 Jan., 1915). [K. 187] http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1915_187.html.
War and the Crisis of the Intelligentsia Consciousness, pp. 45–50.
    From: ‘Война и кризис интеллигентского сознания.’ Биржевые Bедомости, no. 14986 (25 Jul., 1915). [K. 201] http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1915_201.html.
Murky Wine, pp. 51–56.
    From: ‘Темное вино’ Биржевые Bедомости, no. 15159 (20 Oct., 1915. [K. 212]
The Asiatic Soul and the European Soul, pp. 57–62.
Concerning the Power of the Expanse upon the Russian Soul, pp. 63–8.
Centralism and the Life of the People, pp. 69–74.
Concerning Sanctity and Honour, pp. 75–80.
Concerning the Relationship of Russians Towards Ideas, pp. 81–90.
    From: ‘Об отношении русских к идеям.’ Русская мысль (Jan., 1917): 66–73. [K. 256] http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1917_256_15.html.
Part II: The Problem of Nationalness, East and West.
Nationalness and Humanity, pp. 91–8.
Nationalism and Messianism, pp. 99–106.
    From: ‘Национализм и мессианизм.’ Moscow: Г. А. Леман и С. И. Сахаров, 1917. [K. 12]
Nationalism and Imperialism, pp. 107–12.
    From: ‘Национализм и империализм.’ Moscow: Г. А. Леман и С. И. Сахаров, 1917. [K. 11]
The End of Europe, pp. 113–22.
    From: ‘Конец Европы.’ Биржевые Bедомости, no. 14900 (12 Jun., 1915). [K. 195] http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1915_195.html.
The Tasks of Creative Historical Thought, pp. 123–30.
    From: ‘Задачи творческой исторической мысли.’ Бир­жевые Bедомости, no. 15285 (22 Dec., 1915). [K. 218] http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1915_218.html.
Slavophilism and the Slavic Idea, pp. 131–8.
Russian text ‘Славянопхильство и славянская идея,’ rewritten from: ‘Славянопхильство ы власти.’ Биржевые Bедомости, no. 15003 (3 Aug., 1915). [K. 202] http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1915_202.html.
The Cosmic and the Sociological World–Sense, pp. 139–48.
    From: ‘Космическое и социологическое мироощущение’ Биржевые Bедомости, no. 15729 (9 Aug., 1916). [K. 235] http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1916_235.html.
Part III: The Souls of Various Peoples (Parallels).
The Fate of Paris, pp. 149–54.
    From: ‘Судьба Парижа.’ Биржевые Bедомости, no. 14510 (22 Nov., 1914. [K. 181] http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1914_181.html.
The Russian and the Polish Soul, pp. 155–60.
    From: ‘Русская и польская душа.’ Биржевые Bедомости, no. 14424 (10 Oct., 1914). [K. 178] http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1914_178.html.
The Religion of Germanism, pp. 161–70.
    From: ‘Религия германизма.’ Биржевые Bедомости, no. 15608 (9 Jun., 1916). [K. 232]
Part IV: The Psychology of War and the Meaning of War.
Thoughts about the Nature of War, pp. 171–8.
    From: ‘Мысли о природе войны.’ Биржевые Bедомости, no. 14928 (26 Jun., 1915). [K. 197] http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1915_197.html.
Concerning the Cruelty and Anguish, pp. 179–84.
    From: ‘О жестокости и боли’ Биржевые Bедомости, no. 15306 (15 Jan., 1916). [K. 220]
Concerning Truth and Justice in the Struggle of Peoples, pp. 185–90.
    From: ‘О правде и справедливости в борьбе народов.’ Биржевые ведомости, no. 15785 (6 Sep., 1916).
Mobility and Immobility in the Life of Peoples, pp. 191–6.
    From: ‘Движение и неподвижность в жизни народов.’ Биржевые Bедомости, no. 15535 (3 May, 1916.). [K. 229]
Concerning the Partial and the Historical Outlook upon Life, pp. 197–206.
    From: ‘О частном и историческом взгляде на жизнь.’ Биржевые Bедомости, no. 15785 (6 Sep., 1916). [K. 237]
Part V: The Psychology of Politics and of the Societal Aspect.
On the Abstract and the Absolute in Politics, pp. 207–12.
    From: ‘Об отвлеченности и абсолютности в политике.’ Биржевые Bедомости, no. 15034 (18 Aug., 1915). [K. 205] http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1915_205.html.
Words and Reality in Societal Life, pp. 213–18.
    From: ‘Слова и реальности в общественной жизни.’ Биржевые Bедомости, no. 15049 (26 Aug., 1915). [K. 206] http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1915_206.html.
Democracy and the Person, pp. 219–26.
    From: ‘Демократия и личность.’ Русская свобода, no. 9 (1917): 5–10. [K. —.
Spirit and the Machine, pp. 227ff.
    From: ‘Дух и машина.’ Биржевые Bедомости, no. 15143 (12 Oct., 1915). [K. 210]
The End of the Renaissance.
The first Russian publication [Конец ренессанса. St Petersburg: Эпоха, 1922, K. 17] may be lost but the work has been republished. Translations include:
‘The End of the Renaissance: The Contemporary Crisis of Culture.’ Slavonic Review 4, no. 10 (June 1925): 1–17. Translated by A. A. Shidlovsky from София. Проблемы духовной культуры и религиозной философии. Edited by Berdyaev. Berlin: Обелиск, 1923, pp. 21–46.
Chapter 1 of The End of Our Time, Together with an Essay on the General Line of Soviet Philosophy. London: Sheed and Ward, 1933. Translated by Donald Attwater from Новое средневековье: Размышление о судьбе России и Европы. Berlin: Обелиск, 1924. [K. 21]
Translation by Stephan Janos in Astride the Abyss of War and Revolutions: Articles 1914–1922. frsj Publications, 2017, pp. 681–714.


Dostoevsky: An Interpretation. London: Sheed and Ward, 1934. Reprinted: Semantron Press, 2009; Valmy Publishing, 2018. Republished as Dostoevsky. New York: Living Age Books, 1957.Translated into English by Donald Attwater from the French translation by Lucien Julien Cain: L’Esprit de Dostoievski. Paris: Éd. Saint-Michel, 1929 [K. 18a], including Berdyaev’s modifications of the Russian text: Миросозерцание достоевского. Paris: YMCA-Press, 1923. [K. 18]
1. Spirit, pp. 11–38.
2. Man, pp. 39–68.
3. Freedom, pp. 67–88.
4. Evil, pp. 89–110.
5. Love, pp. 111–32.
6. Revolution. Socialism, pp. 133–59.
7. Russia, pp. 160–187.
8. The Grand Inquisitor. Christ and Anti–Christ, pp. 188–212.
9. Dostoievsky and Us, pp. 213–27.

The Meaning of History. London: G. Bles, 1936; New York, Scribner’s, 1936; Cleveland: Meridian Books, 1962; Semantron Press, 2009. Translated by George Reavey from Смысл Истории: Опыт Философии Человеческой Судьбы. Berlin: Обелиск, 1923. [K. 19]
1. On the Essence of the Historical: The Meaning of Tradition, pp. 1–20.
2. On the Nature of the Historical: The Metaphysical and the Historical, 21–43.
3. Of Celestial History: God and Man, pp. 44–62.
4. Of Celestial History: Time and Eternity, 63–85.
5. The Destiny of the Jews, pp. 86–107.
6. Christianity and History, pp. 108–27.
7. The Renaissance and Humanism, pp. 128–49.
8. The End of the Renaissance and the Crisis of Humanism: The Advent of the Machine, pp. 150–68.
9. The End of the Renaissance and the Crisis of Humanism: The Disintegration of the Human Image, pp. 169–185.
10. The Doctrine of Progress and the Goal of History, pp. 186–206.
Excerpted in Readings in Russian Philosophical Thought: Philosophy of History. Edited by Louis J. Shein, 142–55. Waterloo: Wilfrid Laurier University Press, 1977.
Epilogue: The Will to Life and the Will to Culture, pp. 207–24.

The Philosophy of Inequality. frsj Publications., 2015. isbn: 0996399208. Translated by Stephan Janos from Философия Неравенства: Письма К Недругам По Социальной Философии. Berlin: Обелиск, 1923. [K. 20]
First Letter: Concerning the Russian Revolution, pp. 1–30.
Second Letter: Concerning the Religio–ontological Fundamentals of the Societal Aspect, pp. 31–58.
Third Letter: Concerning the State, pp. 59–82.
Fourth Letter: Concerning Nation, pp. 83–102.
Fifth Letter: Concerning Conservatism, pp. 103–19.
Sixth Letter: Concerning Aristocracy, pp. 120–39.
Seventh Letter: Concerning Liberalism, pp. 140–56.
Eighth Letter: Concerning Democracy, pp. 157–76.
Ninth Letter: Concerning Socialism, pp. 177–206.
Tenth Letter: Concerning Anarchism, pp. 207–22.
Eleventh Letter: Concerning War, pp. 223–7.
Twelfth Letter: Concerning Economism, pp. 238–55.
Thirteenth Letter: Concerning Culture, pp. 256–71.
Fourteenth Letter: Concerning the Kingdom of God, pp. 272–86.
Postscript, pp. 287ff.


Leontiev. London: Bles, 1940. Translated by George Reavey from Константин Леонтьев: Очерк Из Истории Русской Религиозной Мысли. Paris: YMCA-Press, 1926. [K. 22]


Freedom and the Spirit. London: G. Bles; New York, Scribner’s, 1935. Translated by Oliver Fielding Clarke from Философия свободного духа: Проблематика и апология христианства. Paris YMCA-Press, 1928. [K. 23]
1. Spirit and Nature, pp. 1–51.
2. Symbol, Myth, and Dogma, pp. 52–87.
3. Revelation and Faith, pp. 88–116.
4. The Freedom of the Spirit, pp. 117–157.
5. Redemption and Evil, pp. 158–88.
6. God, Man, and the God-Man, p. 189–238.
7. Mysticism and the Way of the Spirit, pp. 239–69.
8. Theosophy and Gnosis, pp. 270–302.
9. Spiritual Development and the Eschatological Problem, pp. 303–27.
10. The Church and the World, pp. 328–62.
Christianity and Class War. London: Sheed and Ward, 1933. Translated by Donald Attwater from: Христианство и классовая борьба. Paris: YMCA-Press, 1931. [K. 29]
1. The Class War a Fact. Marx’s Theory of Class War, pp. 11–27.
2. Criticism of Marx’s Theory. Society and Class. Class Regarded from the Point of View of Worth, pp. 28–49.
3. The Christian Estimate of Class War. The Christian Attitude Towards Human Personality, pp. 50–63.
4. Real and Formal Freedom. The Man, the Citizen, the Producer. Freedom and Coercion, pp. 64–83.
5. The Aristocrat, the Bourgeois, and the Workman, pp. 84–111.
6. The Church and the New Social Reality. Man and Class. The Social Problem as a Spiritual Problem, pp. 112–23.


The Destiny of Man. London: G. Bles, 1937; New York: Scribner’s Sons, 1937; New York: Harper, 1960; Westport: Hyperion Press, 1979; Semantron Press, 2009; numerous other printings. Translated by Natalie Duddington from О назначении человека: Опыт парадоксальной этики. Paris: Современные записики, 1931). [K. 26]
Part I: Principles.
1. The Problem of Ethical Knowledge, pp. 1–22.
2. The Origin of Good and Evil, pp. 23–44.
3. Man, pp. 45–83.
Extracts ‘Man as a Person’ and ‘Man as a Sexed Being.’ In Readings in the Philosophy of Man. 2nd ed. Edited by William L. Kelly and Andrew Tallon. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1972, 120–22 and 126–8.
Part II: Morality on this side of Good and Evil.
1. The Ethics of Law, pp.84–102.
2. The Ethics of Redemption, pp. 102–25.
3. The Ethics of Creativeness, pp126–53.
Reprinted in Ultimate Questions: An Anthology of Modern Russian Religious Thought. Edited by Alexander Schemann. London: Mowbray, 1977.
Reprinted as ‘The Part of Imagination in the Moral Life.’ In The World Treasury of Modern Religious Thought. Edited by Jaroslav Pelikan. Boston: Little, Brown & Co., 1990, 419–27.
4. Concrete Problems of Ethics, pp. 154–248.
Part III: Last Things. Eschatological Ethics.
1. Death and Immortality, pp. 249–265.
2. Hell, 266–83.
3. Paradise: Beyond Good and Evil, pp. 284–98.
‘On Suicide.’ Translated by Stephan Janos from О самоубийстве. Психологический этюд. Paris: YMCA-Press, 1931. [K. 27] http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1931_27.html . Also published as reprint from Approach: A Literary Quarterly, 1962.


The Fate of Man in the Modern World. London: SCM Press, 1938; Milwaukee: Morehouse, 1935; Semantron Press, 2009. Translated by Donald A Lowrie from: Судьба человека в современном мире: К пониманию нашей эпохи. Paris: YMCA-Press, 1934. [K. 32]
1. A Judgement on History—The War, pp. 7–24.
2. Dehumanization, pp. 25–70.
3. New Forces in the World’s Life, pp. 71–109.
4. Culture and Christianity, 110–31.
Extract published as: ‘Secularism, Capitalism, and Collectivism.’ In The Morality of Peace and War. Edited by Martin T. Woods and Robert Buckenmeyer. Santa Barbara: Intelman Books, 1974, pp. 239–42.

Solitude and Society. London: G. Bles, 1938. Translated by George Reavey from Я и мир объектов: Опыт философии одиночества и общения. Paris: YMCA-Press, 1934. [K. 33]
[Five Meditations]
First: The Philosopher’s Tragic Situation and The Problems of Philosophy, pp. 3–36.
Second: The Subject and Objectification, pp. 37–86.
Third: The Ego, Solitude and Society, pp. 87–128.
Fourth: The Evil of Time, Change and Eternity, pp. 129–58.
Fifth: The Personality, Society and Communion, pp. 159–203.
Extract ‘Love and Sex.’ In Readings in the Philosophy of Man. 2nd ed. Edited by William L. Kelly and Andrew Tallon. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1972, 123–5.


The Origin of Russian Communism. Translated by Reginald Michael French. London: Bles: Centenary Press, 1937. 2nd edn. London: Bles, 1948; University of Michigan Press, Ann Arbor, 1960. [K. 42]
Introduction. The Russian Idea of Religion and the Russian State, pp. 1–15.
1. The Formation of the Russian Intelligentsia and its Character. Slavophilism and Westernization, pp. 16–37.
2. Russian Socialism and Nihilism, pp. 38–63.
3. Russian Narodnichestvo and Anarchism, pp. 64–86.
4. Russian Nineteenth Century Literature and its Predictions, pp. 87–109.
5. Classical Marxism and Russian Marxism, pp. 110–35.
6. Russian Communism and the Revolution, pp. 135–90.
7. Communism and Christianity, 191–229.
Chapter republished in Epiphany 8, no. 3 (Spr. 1988): 12–21.

Spirit and Reality. London: G. Bles, 1946; Semantron Press, 2009. Translated by George Reavey from Дух и реальность: Основы богочеловеческой духовности. Paris, YMCA-Press (1937). [K. 34]
1.The Reality of Spirit. Spirit and Being, pp. 7–32.
2. The Attributes of Spirit, pp. 22–48.
3. The Objectification of Spirit. Symbolization and Realization, pp. 49–68.
4. The Aim of Asceticism, pp. 69–90.
5. Evil and Suffering as Problems of Spirit, pp. 91–116.
6. Mysticism: Its Contradictions and Achievements, pp. 117–46.
7. The New Spirituality. The Realization of Spirit, pp. 147–78.


War and the Christian Conscience. (Pax Pamphlets, no. 2) London: Clarke, 1938.


Slavery and Freedom. London: G. Bles, 1939; New York, Scribner’s, 1939; Semantron Press., 2009. Translated by Reginald Michael French from: О Рабстве и Свободе Человека: Опыт Персоналистической Философии. Paris: YMCA-Press, 1939.
Abridged Contents.
In place of an introduction: Concerning Inconsistencies in My Thought, pp. 7–19.
Part 1.
1. Personality, pp. 20–58.
2. Master, Slave and Free Man, pp. 50–72.
Chapters 1 and 2 reprinted in Four Existentialist Theologians: A Reader from the works of Jacques Maritain, Nicolas Berdyaev, Martin Buber, and Paul Tillich. Edited by Will Herberg. Garden City: Doubleday, 1958, 116–29 and 130–144.
Part II.
1. Being and Freedom. The Slavery of Man to Being, pp. 73–81.
2. God and Freedom. The Slavery of Man to God, pp. 82–92.
3. Nature and Freedom. The Cosmic Lure and the Slavery of Man to Nature, pp. pp. 93–101.
4. Society and Freedom. The Social Lure and the Slavery of Man to Society, pp. 102–16.
5 Civilization and Freedom: The Slavery of Man to Civilization and the Lure of Cultural Values, pp. 117–29.
6. The Slavery of Man to Himself, pp. 130–38.
Part III.
1. (a) The Lure and the Slavery of Sovereignty, pp. 139–53.
(b) The Lure of War, pp. 154–63.
(c) The Lure and Slavery of Nationalism, pp. 164–71.
(d) The Lure and Slavery of Aristocracy, pp. 172–80.
(e) The Lure of the Bourgeois Spirit, pp. 181–88.
2. (a) The Lure and Slavery of Revolution, pp. 189––99.
(b) The Lure and Slavery of Collectivism, 2000–21.
3. (a) The Erotic Lure and Slavery, 222–36.
(b) The Aesthetic Lure and Slavery, pp. 237–46.
Part IV.
I. The Spiritual Liberation of Man, pp. 247–54.
2. The Lure and Slavery of History, pp. 255–68.
Extract: ‘Master, Slave and Free Man’ (pp. 59–72) published in The Psychology of Freedom. Edited by Raymond van Over. Greenwich: Fawcett, 1974.


The Russian Idea. London: G. Bles, 1947; New York, MacMillan, 1947. Translated from: Русская идея: Основные проблемы русской мысли XIX века и начала XX века. Paris: YMCA-Press, 1946. [K. 37]
Abridged Contents.
Definition of the Russian National Type.
The Crucial Importance of the Problem of the Philosophy of History.
The Problem of the Clash between Personality and World Harmony.
The Problem of Humanism.
The Social Colour of Russian Thought.
The Question of the Justification of Culture.
Authority and the State.
The Determining Significance of the Religious Theme.
The Eschatological and Prophetic Character of Russian Thought.
Summing–up of Russian Nineteenth–Century Thought.


The Beginning and the End: Essay on Eschatological Metaphysics. London: G. Bles, 1952; New York, Harper, 1952; Semantron Press, 2009. Translated by Reginald Michael French from Опыт эсхатологической метафизики: Творчество и объективация. Paris: YMCA-Press, 1947. [K. 38]
Abridged Contents.
Part 1. The Problem of Knowledge and Objectification, pp. 3–90.
Part 2. The Problem of Being and Existence, pp. 91–140.
Part 3. Being and the Creative Act. The Mystery of Newness, pp. 141–96.
Part 4. The Problem of History and Eschatology, pp. 197–54.
Extract: ‘God, Fate, and Human Freedom.’ In Perspectives on Reality: Readings in Metaphysics from Classical Philosophy to Existentialism. Edited by Jesse A. Mann and others. New York: Harcourt, Brace & World, 1966, 649–65.

Posthumous publications, 1949–

The Divine and the Human. London: G. Bles, 1949; Semantron Press 2009. Translated by R. M. French from Экзистенциальная диалектика божественного и человеческого. Paris: YMCA-Press, 1952. [K. 41]
1. An Undevout Meditation: The Crisis of Christianity: Critique of Revelation, pp.1–21.
2. The Dialectic of the Divine and the Human in German Thought: The Significance of Nietzsche: The Dialectic of the Doctrine of the Trinity, pp. 22–48.
3. Development and Newness, pp.49–59.
4. Fear, pp. 59–65.
5. Suffering, pp. 66–85.
6. Evil, pp. 86–98.
7. War, pp. 98–109.
8. Manhood, pp. 110–27.
9. Spirituality, pp. 128–38.
10. Beauty, pp. 139–48.
11. Immortality, pp. 149–66.
12. Messianism and History, 167–82.
13. Religion of the Spirit: A Devout Meditation, pp. pp.183–94.
14. The End of Things and the New Æon, pp. 195–202.
Chapters 13 and 14 reprinted in Four Existentialist Theologians: A Reader from the works of Jacques Maritain, Nicolas Berdyaev, Martin Buber, and Paul Tillich. Edited by Will Herberg. Garden City: Doubleday, 1958, 105–114 and 145–154.

Dream and Reality: An Essay in Autobiography. London: G. Bles, 1950. New York: Collier, 1962. Republished: as Self–Knowledge: An Essay in Autobiography. Semantron Press, 2009. Translated by Katherine Lampert from Самопознание: Опыт философской автобиографии. Paris: YMCA-Press, 1949. [K. 39]
1. Origins. Environment. First Influences. The Russian Gentry.
2. Solitude. Anguish. Freedom. Revolt. Pity. Doubts and Wrestlings of the Spirit. Reflections on Eros.
3. First Conversion. Search for the Meaning of Life.
4. The Domain of Philosophical Knowledge. Philosophical Sources. Existentialism and Romanticism.
5. Conversion to Socialism. The Domain of Revolution. Marxism and Idealism.
6. The Russian Cultural Renascence of the Early Twentieth Century. Encounters.
7. The Movement Towards Christianity. The Drama of Religion. New Encounters.
8. The Domain of Creativity. The Meaning of the Creative Act. The Creative Act as Ecstasy.
9. The Russian Revolution and the Domain of Communism.
10. Russia and the West.
11. My Final Philosophical Outlook. Confession of Faith. The Domain of Eschatology. Time and Eternity.
12. Concerning Self–Knowledge. The Limits of Self–Knowledge. Autobiographical Conclusion.
Epilogue (1940–1947).

The Realm of Spirit and the Realm of Caesar. London: Gollancz. 1952; New York, Harper, 1953. Translated by Donald A. Lowrie from Царство Духа и Царство Кесаря. Paris: YMCA-Press, 1949. [K. 40]
Introduction: The Struggle for the Truth.
1. Man and God—Spirituality.
2. Man and The Cosmos—Technics.
3. Man and Society—Socialism.
4. Man and Caesar—Authority.
5. The Hierarchy of Values. Ends and Means.
6. The Contradictions of Freedom.
From: ‘Противоречия свободы.’ Новая Россия, no. 3 (5 Apr., 1936): 9–10. [K. 412]
7. Community—Collectivity—Sobornost.
8. The Contradictions in Marxism.
9. Nationalism and the Unity of Mankind.
10. The New Man. The Eternal Man.
11. The Tragedy of Human Existence: Utopia: The Sphere of The Mystic.

Truth and Revelation. Translated by Reginald Michael French from the Russian 1947 manuscript. London: Bles, and New York: Harper, 1953. [K. 43b] This was the first publication of this book; the Russian text was not published until 1996. (Истина и откровение. St Petersburg: Изд-во Русского Христианского гуманитарного института, 1996).
Abridged contents.
Existential Philosophy and Spiritual Experience.
Truth is not an Objective Reality in the Sphere of Things: The Humanness of Truth.
The Spirituality and Universality of Revelation; The Humanness of Revelation.
Man and History; Freedom and Necessity in History; A Break with the Forensic Interpretation of Christianity and Redemption.
The Divine Element in Man. Redemption and Creative Power. The Paradox of Evil.
Reincarnation and Transfiguration; The Revelation of the Spirit and of the Age of the Spirit. Transcendental Man and the New Man.



Astride the Abyss of War and Revolutions: Articles 1914–1922. frsj Publications, 2017. 0996399275 (hbk); 0996399283 (pbk). Translated by Stephan Janos from ‘Футуризм на войне.’ In Падение Священного Русского Царства: Публицистика 1914–1922. Articles by Berdyaev compiled and edited by V.V. Sapov. Moscow: Астрель, 2007, pp. 243–848. (Социальная Мысль России 48).
War and Rebirth, pp. 1–8.
    From: ‘Война и возрождение.’ Утро России, no. 192 (Aug., 1914). [K. 182]
Russia and Poland, pp. 9–12.
    From: ‘Русская и польская.’ Биржевые ведомости, no. 14424 (10 Oct 1914). [K. 178]
Futurism in the War, pp. 13–18.
    From: Футуризм на войне.’ Биржевые ведомости, no. 14456 (26 Oct., 1914). [K. 179]
Modern Germany, pp. 19–28.
    From: ‘Современная германия.’ Утро России, no. 255 (Oct., 1914). [K. 183]
Imperialism Sacral and Imperialism Bourgeois, pp. 29–34.
    From: ‘Империализм священный и империализм буржуазный.’ Биржевые ведомости, no. 14476 (5 Nov., 1914). [K. 180]
On the Dormant Powers of Man, pp. 35–40.
    From: ‘О дремлющих силах человека.’ Утро России, no. 272 (Nov., 1914). [K. 184]
The New Russia, pp. 41–48.
    From: ‘Новая россия.’ Биржевые ведомости, no. 14628 (23 Jan., 1915). [K. 188] http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1915_188.html.
Nietzsche and the Modern Germany, pp. 49–56.
    From: ‘Ницше и современная германия.’ Биржевые ведомости, пo. 14650 (4 Feb., 1915). [K. 189] http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1915_189.html.
To the Feckless Devotees of Slavophilism, pp. 57–64.
    From: ‘Эпигонам славянофильства.’ Биржевые ведомости, no. 14678, 18 Feb., 1915). [K. 190]
On the Givers and the Takers, pp. 65–70.
    From: ‘О дарящих и отнимающих.’ Биржевые ведомости, no. 14720 (8 Apr., 1915). [K. 191]
Germany, Poland and Constantinople, pp. 71–4.
    From: ‘Германия, польша и константинополь.’ Биржевые ведомости, no. 14855. (21 May, 1915). [K. 193]
On the Disputes Concerning German Philosophy, pp. 75–82.
    From: ‘К Спорам о германской философии.’ Русская мысль. (Jul., 1915): 115–121. [K. 185] http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1915_185.html.
The Will to Victory, pp. 83–6.
    From: ‘Воля к победе.’ Биржевые ведомости, no. 14881 (3 Jun., 1915). [K. 194]
The Contemporary War and the Nation, pp. 87–90.
    From: ‘Современная война и нация.’ Биржевые ведомости, no. 14922 (23 Jun., 1915). [K. 196]
The Sensation of Italy, pp. 91–6.
    From: ‘Чувство италии.’ Биржевые ведомости, no. 14940 (2 Jul., 1915). [K. 198]
War and the Crisis of Socialism, pp. 97–102.
    From: ‘Война и кризис социализма.’ Биржевые ведомости, no. 14950 (7 Jul., 1915). [K. 199]
Concerning Leftness and Rightness, pp. 103–8.
    From: ‘О левости и правости.’ Биржевые ведомости, no. 14968 (16 Jul., 1915). [K. 200]
The Slavophilism of the Ruling Powers, pp. 109–20.
    From: ‘Славянофильство у власт.’ Биржевые ведомости, no. 15003 (3 Aug., 1915). [K. 202]
Society and the ruling Powers, pp. 121–26.
    From: ‘Общество и власть.’ Биржевые ведомости, no. 15017 (10 Aug., 1915). [K. 203]
On Radicalism, pp. 127–30.
    From: ‘О “радикализме”.’ Биржевые ведомости, no. 15073 (7 Sep..1915). [K. 207]
Self –Restraint, pp. 131–32.
    From: ‘Самообладание.’ Биржевые ведомости.’ Биржевые ведомости, no. 15083 (12 Sep., 1915). [K. 208]
The Role of the Third Estate in Russia, pp. 133–42.
    From: ‘Роль третьего сословия в россии.’ Биржевые ведомости, no. 15136 (18 Oct., 1915). [K. 211]
On the Conditional Aspect of Vital Values, pp. 143–46.
    From: ‘Об условности жизненных оценок.’ Биржевые ведомости, no. 15206 (12 Nov., 1915). [K. 213]
The Immediate Task at Hand, pp. 147–52.
    From: ‘Очередная задача.’ Биржевые ведомости, no. 15216 (17 Nov., 1915). [K. 214]
Spirit and Economics, pp. 153–58.
    From: ‘Дух и экономика.’ Биржевые ведомости, no. 15235 (27 Nov., 1915). [K. 215]
Concerning the Spirit of Despondency, pp. 159–62.
    From: ‘О дукхе уныния.’ Биржевые ведомости, no. 15237 (28 Nov., 1915). [K. —] http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1915_xxx.html.
Are the Rightists Nationalists? pp. 163–6.
    From: ‘Национальны ли правые?’ Биржевые ведомости, no. 15240, 1 Dec., 1915). [K. 216]
The Evil Will and Reason of History, pp. 167–70.
    From: ‘Злая воля и разум истории.’ Биржевые ведомости, no. 15273, 15 Dec., 1915). [K. 217]
Concerning Inward and Outward Activeness, pp. 171–6.
    From: ‘О внутреннем и внешнем делании.’ Биржевые ведомости, no. 15323 (14 Jan., 1916). [K. 219]
On the Prestige of Holding Power, pp. 177–180.
    From: ‘О престиже власти.’ Биржевые ведомости, no. 15330 (18 Jan., 1916). [K. 221] http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1916_221.html.
On Justification of Love for the Fatherland, pp. 181–6.
    From: ‘Об оправдании любви к отечеству.’ Биржевые ведомости, no. 15380 (12 Feb., 1916). [K. 222]
The Rightists and the Unity of Russia, pp. 187–192.
    From: Правые и единство россии.’ Биржевые ведомости, no. 15402 (24 Feb., 1916). [K. 223]
Ideas and the Societal Movement, pp. 193–8.
    From: ‘Идеи и общественное движение’ Биржевые ведомости, no. 15430 (9 Mar., 1916). [K. 224]
Power and Coercive Violence, pp. 199–204.
    From: ‘Сила и насилие.’ Биржевые ведомости, no. 15478 (2 Apr., 1916). [K. 225] http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1916_225.html
Tolstoyan Non-Resistance and the War, pp. 205–12.
    From: ‘Толстовское непротивление и война.’ Биржевые ведомости, no. 15515 (1917). [K. 226]
The Religious Fate of Judaism, pp. 213–22.
    From: ‘Религиозная судьба еврейства.’ Христианская мысль, no. 4 (1916): 120–27. [K. 228]
Positive and Negative Nationalism, pp. 223–28.
    From: ‘Положительный и отрицательный национализм.’ Биржевые ведомости, no. 15561 (16 May, 1916). [K. 230]
Russia, England and Germany, pp. 229–36.
    From: ‘Россия, англия и германия.’ Биржевые ведомости, no. 15571 (21 May, 1916). [K. 231]
The Social and the Bureaucratic Conservatism, pp. 237–42.
    From: ‘Общественный и бюрократический консерватизм.’ Биржевые ведомости, no. 15729, 9 Aug., 1916). [K. 236]
Regarding a New Book on the Masons, pp. 243–6.
    From: ‘По поводу новой книги о масонстве.’ Биржевые ведомости, no. 15805 (16 Sep., 1916). [K. 238]
On the Growth of Bourgeoisness in Russia, pp. 247–52.
    From: ‘О росте буржуазности в россии ‘Биржевые ведомости.’ no. 15813 (20 Sep., 1916). [K. 239]
The State and Ownership during a Time of War, pp. 253–8.
    From: ‘Государство и собственность во время войны.’ Биржевые ведомости, no. 15863 (15 Oct 1916). [K. 242]
The Church Question in Russia, pp. 259–66.
    From: ‘Церковный вопрос в россии ‘Биржевые ведомости (28 Sep., 1916) no. 15829. [K. 240] http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1916_240.html.
On Understanding the Souls of Various Peoples, pp. 267–8.
    From: ‘О понимании народных душ.’ Вологда, no. 531 (11 Nov., 1916). [K. —]
The Awakening of the National Will, pp. 269–72.
    From: ‘Пробуждение национальной воли.’ Биржевые ведомости, no. 15921 (13 Nov., 1916). [K. 243]
The New Religious Consciousness and History, pp. 273–80.
    From: Новое религиозное сознание и история.’ Биржевые ведомости, no. 15931, 18 Nov., 1916. [K. 244] http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1916_244.html.
On Citizenship, pp. 281–86.
    From: ‘О гражданстве.’ Биржевые ведомости, 15969 (7 Dec., 1916). [K. 245] http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1916_245.html.
Concerning Power and Powerlessness, pp. 287–292.
    From: О силе и бессилии.’ Биржевые ведомости, no. 15985 (15 Dec., 1916). [K. 246]
Barbarity and Decadence, pp. 293–98.
    From: ‘Варварство и упадни dniчество.’ Биржевые ведомости, no. 16006 (28 Dec., 1916). [K. 247]
An Account about a Heavenly Origin, pp. 299–306.
    From: ‘Повесть о небесном роде (Из рукописей а. Н. Шмидт).’ Русская мысль (Mar., 1916): 5–9. [K. 248] http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1916_248.html.
On the Dispute between Pr. E. N. Trubetskoy and D. D. Muretov, pp. 307–12.
    From: ‘К спору между Е. Н. Трубецким и Д. Д. Муретовым.’ Русская мысль, (Aug., 1916): 44–48. [K. 251]
The Strength of Russia, pp. 313–18.
    From: ‘Сила россии.’ Биржевые ведомости, no. 16018 (4 Jan., 1917). [K. 254] http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1917_254.html.
Reform of the Church, pp. 319–24.
    From: ‘Реформа Церкви.’ Утро России, no. 14 (14/27 Jan., 1917). [K. —] http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1917_xxx.html.
The Psychical Factors of the War, pp. 325–30.
    From: ‘Психические факторы войны.’ Биржевые ведомости, no. 16048 (19 Jan., 1917). [K. 255]
On Love for Russia, pp. 331–4.
    From: ‘О любви к россии.’ Великая война в образах и картинах, no. 13 (Jan., 1917): 180–82. [K. 289] http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1917_289.html.
The Downfall of the Holy Russian Tsardom: Articles 1917–22.
Theocratic Illusions and Religious Creativity, pp. 335–46.
    From: ‘Теократические иллюзии и религиозное творчество.’ Русская мысль, (Mar/Apr., 1917): 71–80. [K. 258] http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1917_258.html.
The Psychology of a Survivable Moment, pp. 347–54.
    From: ‘Психология переживаемого момента.’ Русская свобода, no. 1 (Apr., 1917): 6–12. [K. 259] http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1917_259.html.
The Downfall of the Sacred Russian Realm, pp. 355–64.
    From: ‘Падение священного русского царства.’ Русская свобода, no. 2 (Apr., 1917): 16–23. [K. 260]
The Internationale and the Unity of Mankind, pp. 365–72.
    From: ‘Интернационал и единство человечества.’ Русская свобода, no. 3 (22 Apr., 1917): 10–15. [K. 261]
Concerning Political and Social Revolution, pp. 373–80.
    From: ‘О политической и социальной революции.’ Русская свобода, no. 4 (27 Apr., 1917): 5–10. [K. 262]
The Position of Russia in the World, pp. 381–4.
    From: ‘Положение россии в мире.’ Русская свобода, no. 5 (2 May, 1917): 8–11. [K. 263] http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1917_263.html.
Power and Responsibility, pp. 385–90.
    From: ‘Власть и ответственность.’ Русская свобода, no. 6 (31 May, 1917): 3–6. [K. 264] http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1917_264.html.
Russia and Western Europe, pp. 391–8.
    From: ‘Россия и западная европа.’ Русская мысль. (May/Jun., 1917): 76–81. [K. 265]
On Bourgeoisness and Socialism, pp. 399–406.
    From: О буржуазности и социализме.’ Русская свобода, no. 8 (13 Jun., 1917): 3–8. [K. 266] http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1917_266.html.
Counter–Revolution, pp. 407–12.
    From: ‘Контр-революция.’ Русская свобода, no. 10/11 (Jul., 1917): 3–7. [K. 271]
A Free People, pp. 413–18.
    From: Свободный народ’ Народоправство, no. 1 (30 Jun., 1917). [K. 267]
In Defense of Socialism, pp. 419–26.
    From: В защиту социализма.’ Народоправство, no. 3 (Jul., 1917). [K. 268]
The Mobilisation of Interests, pp. 427–32.
    From: ‘Мобилизация интересов.’ Русская свобода, no. 12/13 (Jul., 1917): 3–7. [K. 272]
Truth and Lie within Societal Life, pp. 433–40.
    From: ‘Правда и ложь в общественной жизни.’ Народоправство, no. 4, Jul., 1917, no. 4. [K. 269] http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1917_269.html.
The Triumph and Crash of Populism, pp. 441–8.
    From: ‘Торжество и крушение народни.’ Русская свобода, no. 14/15 (31 Jul., 1917). [K. 273]
The Populist and the Nationalist Consciousness, pp. 449–456.
    From: ‘Народническое и национальное сознание.’ Русская мысль, (Jul./Aug., 1917): 90–7. [K. 274]
The Religious Foundations of Bolshevism, pp. 457–64.
    From: ‘Религиозные основы большевизма.’ Русская свобода, no. 16/17 (8 Aug., 1917). [K. 275] http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1917_275.html.
The German Influences and Slavism, pp. 465–72.
    From: ‘Германское влияние и славянство.’ Народоправство, no. 6 (9 Aug., 1917). [K. 277] http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1917_277.html.
The Free Church and the Sobor, pp. 473–480.
    From: ‘Свободная церковь и собор.’ Народоправство, no. 7 (Aug., 1917). [K. 278] http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1917_278.html.
Who is to Blame? pp. 481–8.
    From: ‘Кто виноват?’ Русская свобода, Aug., 1917, no. 18/19. [K. 276] http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1917_276.html.
Patriotism and Politics, pp. 489–94.
    From: ‘Патриотизм и политика.’ Народоправство, no. 10 (Sep., 1917): 2–4. [K. 279] http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1917_279.html.
Concerning Freedom and Integrity of the Word, pp. 495–502.
From: ‘О свободе и достоинстве слова.’ Народоправство, no. 11 (Oct., 1917): 5–7. [K. 281] http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1917_281.html.
Democracy and Hierarchy, pp. 503–10.
    From: ‘Демократия и иерархия.’ Русская свобода no. 9 (Jul., 1917): 5–10. [K. 270]
The Objective Groundings of the Societal Aspect, pp. 511–18.
    From: ‘Объективные основы общественности.’ Народоправство, Oct., 1917, no. 13, р. 7–9. [K. 282]
Concerning a True and a False Will of the People, pp. 519–26.
    From: ‘Об истинной и ложной народной воле.’ Народоправство, no. 14 (Oct., 1917): 4–6. [K. 283]
Has There Been a Revolution in Russia? pp. 527–34.
    From: ‘Была ли в россии революция?’ Народоправство, no. 15 (Nov., 1917). [K. 284] http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1917_284.html.
The Tasks of a National Democracy, pp. 535–40.
    From: ‘Задачи национальной демократии.’ Народоправство, no. 16 (Nov., 1917). [K. 285]
The Germanisation of Russia, pp. 541–8.
    From: Германизация россии.’ Народоправство, no. 17 (1917). [K. 286] http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1917_286.html.
The Bourgeois World and the Socialistic World, pp. 549–56.
    From: ‘Мир “буржуазный” и мир социалистический.’ Народоправство, Dec., no.s 18/19, Dec., 1917): 6–9. [K. 288]
Personal Good and Supra-Personal Values, pp. 557–64.
    From: ‘Личное благо и сверхличные ценности.’ Русская мысль, (Nov./Dec., 1917): 33–39. [K. 287]
Concerning Creative Historicism, pp. 565–70.
    From: ‘О творческом историзме.’ In Ветвь: Сборник Клуба Московских писателей. Moscow: Северные дни, 1917). [K. 56,1]
Is a Social Revolution Possible? pp. 571–86.
    From: Возможна-ли социальная революция? Moscow: Московская просветительная комиссия при Временном комитете Государственной Думы, 1917. [K. 9]
The People and the Classes in the Russian Revolution, pp. 587–98.
    From: Народ и классы в русской революции. Moscow: Московская просветительная комиссия при Временном комитете Государственной Думы, 1917. [K. 10]
The Free Church, pp. 599–620.
    From: Свободная Церковь. Moscow: Московская просветительная комиссия при Временном комитете Государственной Думы, 1917. [K. 13] http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1917_013.html.
Class and Man, pp. 621–8.
    From: ‘Класс и человек.’ Народоправство, no. 20 (Jan., 1918). [K. 290] http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1918_290.html.
Spiritual and Material Work in the Russian Revolution, pp. 629–36.
    From: ‘Духовный и материальный труд в русской революции (Памяти Ф. Ф. Кокошкина).’ Народоправство, no. 21/22 (Jan., 1918). [K. 291]
The Power and Psychology of the Intelligentsia, pp. 637–44.
    From: ‘Власть и психология интеллигенции.’ Русская мысль, (Jan./Feb., 1918): 95–100. [K. 292] http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1918_292.html.
The Ruin of Russian Illusions, pp. 645–52.
    From: ‘Гибель русских иллюзий.’ Русская мысль, (Sep./Oct., 1917): 101–107. [K. 280] http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1917_280.html.
The Spiritual Foundations of the Russian People, pp. 653–666.
    From: ‘Духовные основы русского народа Народ и культура. Народ и церковь.’ Народоправство, no.s 23/24 (1 Feb., 1918). [K. 293]
Russia and Great Russia, pp. 667–72.
    From: ‘Россия и великороссия.’ Накануне, no. 3 (Apr., 1918). [K. 296] http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1918_296.html.
The Recuperation of Russia, pp. 673–80.
    From: ‘Оздоровление россии.’ Накануне, no. 6 (May, 1918). [K. 297] http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1918_297.html.
The End of the Renaissance, pp. 681–714.
    From: ‘Конец Ренессанса.’ In София. Проблемы духовной культуры и религиозной философии. Edited by Berdyaev. Berlin: Обелиск, 1923, pp. 21–46. [K. 60,1] http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1922_17_060_1.html.
Also see other translations listed under Books and Pamphlets. 1922.
The Living Church and the Religious Rebirth of Russia, pp. 715ff.
    From: ‘Живая Церковь и религиозное возрождение России.’ In София. Проблемы духовной культуры и религиозной философии. Edited by Berdyaev. Berlin: Обелиск, 1923, pp. 125–34. [K. 60,2] http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1923_060_2.html.


The Crisis of Art. frsj Publications, 2018. isbn: 0996399291 (hbk); 0999197908 (pbk).
Part I: The Crisis of Art. Translated by Stephan Janos from Кризис Искусства: Сборник Статей. Moscow: Г. А. Леман и С. И. Сахаров. 1918 and republished in Падение священного русского царства : публицистика 1914–1922. Edited by V.V. Sapov. Moscow: Астреяь 2007, 208–39. (Социальная Мысль России; 48). [K14]
The Crisis of Art, pp. 1–20. [‘Кризис искусства.’] [K. 14,1] http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1918_14.html.
Picasso, pp. 21–26.
From: ‘Пикассо,’ София, п° 3 (1914): 57–62. [K. 14,2 from K. 174] http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1914_174.html.
An Astral Novel (A. Bely’s Peterburg), pp. 27–38.
From: Астральный роман (Петербург А. Белого). Биржевые ведомости, no. 15652 (1 Jul., 1916). [K. 14,3 from K233] http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1916_233.html.
Part II: Addenda. Articles by Berdyaev selected and translated by Stephan Janos.
The Ivanov Wednesdays, pp. 39–44. Ивановские среды.
    From: Русская литература XX века 1890–1910. Edited by С. А. Венгерова, vol. 3, pp. 97–100. Moscow: Мир, 1917. [K. 55]
Deadening Tradition, pp. 45–52.
    From: ‘Омертвевшее предание.’ Биржевые ведомости, no. 14771 (8 Apr., 1915). [K. 192] http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1915_192.html.
The Charm of the Affectations of Culture, pp. 53–64.
    From: ‘Очарование отраженных культур (о Вяч Иванове).’ Биржевые ведомости, no. 15833 (1917). [K. 241]
The Russian Temptation (A Bely’s ‘Silver Dove’ [1910]), pp. 65–80.
From: Русский соблазн. (По поводу “Серебряного голубя” А. Белого). Русская мысль (Nov., 1910). [K. 167]
Murky Visages (Andrei Bely / Aleksandr Blok), pp. 81–90.
    From: ‘Мутные лики. (А. Белый. Воспоминания о А. А. Блоке.)’ In София: Проблемы духовной культуры и религиозной философии. Сборник под ред. Berlin: Обелиск [Obelisk], 1923, 155–160. [K. 60,3] http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1923_060_3.html.
The Liege–Knight of Poverty (Léon Bloy), pp. 91–130. [Written: 1914.]
From: ‘Рыцарь нищеты (Леон Блуа).’ София, no. 6. (1914): 49–78. [K. 176]


The End of Our Time, Together with an Essay on the General Line of Soviet Philosophy. London Sheed and Ward, 1933. Reprinted: Semantron Press, 2009. Translated by Donald Attwater from Новое средневековье: Размышление о судьбе России и Европы. Berlin: Обелиск, 1924. [K. 21]
1. The End of the Renaissance.
From: ‘Конец Ренессанса.’ In София. Проблемы духовной культуры и религиозной философии. Edited by Berdyaev. Berlin: Обелиск, 1923, pp. 21–46. [K. 60,1]
Also see other translations listed under Books and Pamphlets. 1922.
2. The New Middle Ages.
From: ‘Новое средневековье.’ In Новое средневековье: Размышление о судьбе России и Европы. Berlin: Обелиск, 1924. [K. 21,1]
3. The Russian Revolution.
From: ‘Размышление о русской революции.’ In Новое средневековье: Размышление о судьбе России и Европы. Berlin: Обелиск, 1924. [K. 21,2]
4. Democracy, Socialism and Theocracy. [K. 21,3]
From: ‘Демократия, социализм и теократия.’ In Новое средневековье: Размышление о судьбе России и Европы. Berlin: Обелиск, 1924. [K. 21,3]
Extract ‘On Socialism.’ In Treasury of Philosophy. Edited by Dagobert D. Runes. New York: Philosophical Library, 1955, 135–6.
The ‘General Line’ of Soviet Philosophy.
    From: Генеральная линия советской философии и воинствующий атеизм. Париж: YMCA-Press, 1932 [K. 30]; also published as Путь, no. 34 (Jul., 1926): 1–28. [K. 375] English translation of this chapter also published in American Review 1 (1933): 536–59.

The Russian Revolution: Two Essays on its Implications in Religion and Philosophy. Translated and introduced by ‘D. B.’ London: Sheed and Ward, 1931. (Essays in order; 6.); University of Michigan Press, Ann Arbor, 1961 (Ann Arbor Paperbacks for the Study of Communism and Marxism); London: Forgotten Books, 2017. Also published as: the ‘Spirit of the Russian Revolution.’ In Out of the Depths: A Collection of Articles on the Russian Revolution. Schlacks, Irvine, 1986, 67–106.
1. Russian Religious Psychology and Communistic Atheism.
From: ‘Патриотизм и политика.’ Народоправство, no. 10 (1917): 2–4. [K. 279]
2. The Religion of communism.
From: ‘Правда и ложь коммунизма.’ In Христианство, атеизм и современность. Путь, no. 30 (Oct., 1931): 70–5. [K. 366] Reprinted in Carl Schmitt, ‘Nicholas Berdyaev and Michael de la Bedoyere.’ Vital Realities, 105–92. New York: Macmillan Company, 1932.

The Bourgeois Mind and other Essays / The Bourgeois Mind and other Studies in Modern Life. Edited by Donald Attwater. New York: Sheed and Ward, 1934; Freeport: Books for Libraries Press, 1966.
1. The Bourgeois mind. Translated by Countess Bennigsen from ‘О духовной буржуазности.’ Путь, no. 3 (Mar/Apr., 1926): 3–13. [K. 309]. Published as ‘The Bourgeois Spirit.’ Translated by Countess Bennigsen. Dublin Review 193, no. 387 (Oct.–Dec, 1933): 169–80. Also published in: Tradition Alive: On the Church and the Christian Life in Our Time: Readings from the Eastern Church. Edited by Michael Plekon, 83–92 Rowman & Littlefield, 2003.
2. Man and Machine. Translated by Countess Bennigsen from ‘Человек и машина: Проблема социологии и метафизики теники.’ Путь, no. 38 (May, 1933): 3–37. [K. 384]. Shortened version published as: ‘Man, the Machine and the New Heroism.’ Hibbert Journal 33 (1934), 76–89, 1934. Reprinted with minor editing in Philosophy and Technology: Readings in the Philosophical Problems of Technology, edited by Carl Mitcham and Robert Mackey. New York: Free Press, 1972, 203–14.
3. Christianity and Human Activity. From: Христианство и активность человека. Paris, YMCA-Press (1933). [K. 31] (Христианство на безбожном фронте, no. 2.) (Translator not stated.).
4. The Worth of Christianity and the Unworthiness of Christians, translated by Donald Attwater from ‘О достоинстве христианства и недостоинстве христиан.’ Paris: YMCA-Press, 1928. (Христианство, атеизм и современность. n° 1.) [K. 24]. Republished in Tradition Alive: On the Church and the Christian Life in Our Time: Readings from the Eastern Church. Edited by Michael Plekon. Rowman & Littlefield, 2003. Extract published as: ‘Technique and the Will to Power.’ In The Morality of Peace and War. Edited by Martin T. Woods and Robert Buckenmeyer. Santa Barbara: Intelman Books, 1974, pp. 206–11.


Towards a New Epoch. London: G. Bles, 1949. Translated by Oliver Fielding Clarke from Au Seuil de la nouvelle époque. Paris: Delachaux et Niestlé, 1947. [K. 80], which was translated by Daria Olivier from an unpublished Russian text. The full Russian text was first published in 1996 as ‘На пороге новой эпохи,’ In Истина и откровение. (St Petersburg: Изд-во Русского Христианского гуманитарного института, 1996), pp. 156–326.
1. Spirit and Force.
2. Some trends in humanism.
3. The Two moralities.
From: Две морали. Новая земля, no. 6 (Jun., 1946): 1–3. [K. 466]
4. World discord and Christian unity.
From: ‘О раздоре в мире и возможном единстве христианства. Третий час, no. 1 (1946). [K. 470]
5. Social Revolution and spiritual awakening.
From: ‘Социальный переворот и духовное пробуждение.’ In Русский сборник. Book 1. Paris: Подорожник, 1946, рp. 187–94. [K. 67,1]
6. Personality and community in Russian thought.
This chapter also published as ‘The Person and the Communal Spirit in the Conscience of the Russian People.’ Transformation 4 (1947): 7–23.
7. The Power of the historical past and the future.
From: ‘Власть прошлого и грядущее.’ Русские новости, no. 10 (20 Jul., 1945). [K. 459]
8. Freedom and its difficulties.
From: ‘О затруднениях свободы.’ Русские новости, no. 18 (14 Sep., 1945). [K. 460]
9. On Freedom to create. О свободе творчества. Встреча, no. 2 (Nov., 1945): 2–4.
10. Freedom to create and the ‘Fabrication of souls.’
From: О творческой свободе и о фабрикации душ. Русские новости, no. 73 (4 Oct., 1946). [K. 468]
11. Sartre and the future of existentialism.
12. Russia and the New Age.

Later anthologies

Christian Existentialism: A Berdyaev Anthology. Compiled by Donald A. Lowrie. London: Allen and Unwin, 1965.

The Brightest Lights of the Silver Age: Essays on Russian Thinkers. Essays by Berdyaev compiled and translated by Boris Jakim. Kettering: Angelico Press/Semantron, 2015.
1. The New Religious Consciousness.
From: ‘О новом религиозном сознании (Д. Мережковский).’ Вопросы жизни, no. 9 (1905): 147–188. [K. 122]
2. Tolstoy.
From: ‘Л. Толстой’ (1911).
3. The Old and New Testaments in Tolstoy’s Religious Consciousness.
From: ‘Веткхии и новии завет в религиозном сознании Л. Толстого.’ In О религии л’ва Толстого. Moscow: Publishing House Путь, 1912, pp. 172–95. [K. 54,1] http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1912_054.html.
4. Vladimir Solovyov’s Fundamental Idea.
    From: Идея богочеловечества у Вл. Соловьева. [Lit: ‘The Idea of God-Manhood in Vl. Solov’ev]: По случаю 25-летия со дня смерти.’ Перезвоны, no. 7/8 (1925): 180–2 & no. 9 (1925): 240. [K. 307]. See also: translation by Stephan Janos at http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1925_307.html .
5. The Problem of East and West in the Religious Consciousness of Vladimir Solovyov.
From: ‘Проблема Востока и Запада в религиозном сознании Вл. Соловьева.’ In ‘О владимире соловьеве.’ Moscow: Publishing House Путь, 1911, pp. 104–28. [K. 53] http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1911_053.html.
6. Christ and the World: In Response to Vasily Rozanov.
From: ‘Христос и мир (Ответ В Розанову).’ From: Русская мысль, no. 1 (Jan., 1908): 42–55; Записки СПБ религиозно-философского общества, no. 2 (1908). [K. 149]
7. The Fundamental Idea of Lev Shestov’s Philosophy.
From: ‘Основная идея пhилосопhии Л’ва Шестова’ Путь, no. 58 (Nov./Jan., 1938–39): 44–8. [K. —]
8. Lev Shestov and Kierkegaard.
From: ‘Лев Шестов и Киркегаард.’ Современные записки, no. 62 (1936): 376–82. [K. 419] http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1936_419.html.
9. Theosophy and Anthroposophy in Russia.
From: ‘Тхеосопхия и антропосопхия: Духовное христианство.’ Русская Мысль, (Nov., 1916): 1–34. [K. 252b] http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1916_252b.html.
10. Darkened Countenances: Remembrances of A.A. Blok by Andrey Bely.
From: ‘Мутные лики. (А. Белый. Воспоминания о А. А. Блоке).’ In София: Проблемы духовной культуры и религиозной философии. Сборник под ред. Berlin: Обелиск [Obelisk], 1923, 155–60. [K. 60]
11. Stylized Orthodoxy: On Father Pavel Florensky.
From: ‘Стилизованное православие (о. П. Флоренский: Столп и утверждение истины).’ Русская мысль, (Jan., 1914): 109–25. [K. 173]
12. The Rebirth of Orthodoxy: On Father Sergius Bulgakov.
    From: ‘Возрождение православия. (о. С.Булгаков).’ Русская мысль, no. 6 (Jun., 1916): 1–31. [K. 249]

‘Nicholas Berdyaev.’ In Book Eight of Russian Philosophy. Vol. 3. Pre-revolutionary philosophy and theology. Philosophers in exile. Marxists and communists. Edited by James M. Edie, James P. Scanlan, Mary-Barbara Zeldin with the collaboration of George L. Kline. Chicago, Quadrangle books, 1965.
Contents of berdyaev extracts:
Subjectivism and objectivism. Translated from: ‘Субъективизм и объективизм.’ Субъективизм и индивидуализм в общественной философии: Критический этюд о Н.К. Михайловском. St Petersburg: О. Н. Попова, 1901, pp. 15–141. [K. 1,1]
Marx vs. Man, translated by Donald Lowrie from Religion in Life 7, no. 4 (Autumn 1938): 483–96.
The Ethics of creativity.
Philosophy of History.

The Worlds of Existentialism: A Critical Reader. Edited by Maurice Friedman. New York: Random House, 1964. Includes excerpts from: ‘Unground and Freedom,’ Introductory Essay to Jacob Boehme Six Theosophic Points; Slavery and Freedom; Freedom and the Spirit; The Destiny of Man; The Beginning and the End; and The Divine and the Human.



‘Subjectivism and objectivism.’ Translated from: ‘Субъективизм и объективизм.’ In Субъективизм и индивидуализм в общественной философии: Критический этюд о Н.К. Михайловском. St Petersburg: О. Н. Попова, 1901, pp. 15–141. [K. 1,1] In Russian Philosophy. Volume 3: Pre–revolutionary Philosophy and Theology, Philosophers in Exile: Marxists and Communists. Edited by James M. Scanlan and Mary-Barbara Zeldins, with George L Kline. Chicago: Quadrangle Books, 1965. Also in Readings in Russian Philosophical Thought. Edited by Louis J. Shein. Vol 1. The Hague / Paris: Mouton, 1968.


‘Capital Punishment and Killing.’ Translated by Stephan Janos from ‘Казн и убииство.’ In Против смертнои казни. 2nd edition. Moscow, 1909. http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1906_xxx.html .

‘Philosophic Verity and Intelligentsia Truth.’ In Vekhi = Landmarks: A Collection of Articles About the Russian Intelligentsia 1909. Irvine: Charles Schlacks, 1986; Abingdon: Routledge, 2015; Taylor & Francis, 2016. Translated and edited by Marshall S. Shatz and Judith E. Zimmerman from ‘Философская истина и интеллигентская правда.’ Духовный Кризис Интеллигенции: Статьи По Общественной и Религиозной Психологии: 1907–9. St Petersburg: Общественная польза, 1910. [K. 4] reprinted in Вехи: Сборник статей о русской интеллигенции. Moscow, 1909. [K. 52,1]. See also: translation by Stephan Janos in The Spiritual Crisis of the Intelligentsia: Articles on Societal and Religious Psychology (1907–1909). frsj Publications, 2015. isbn: 0996399216.


‘The Pre–Death Thoughts of Faust from Anthology ‘Oswald Spengler and the Decline of Europe.’ Translated by Stephan Janos from ‘Предсмертные мысли Фауста. По поводу книги Шпенглера Закат Европы.’ In Освальд Шпенглер и Закат Европыъ. Moscow: Bereg, 1922, pp. 55–72. [K. 59,1] http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1922_059.html .


‘The Bourgeois Spirit.’ Dublin Review 193, no. 387 (Oct.–Dec, 1933): 169–80. Translated by Countess Bennigsen from ‘О духовной буржуазности.’ Путь, no. 3 (Mar/Apr., 1926): 3–13. [K. 309]. Also published as ‘The Bourgeois Mind’ in: The Bourgeois Mind and other Essays / The Bourgeois Mind and other Studies in Modern Life. Edited by Donald Attwater. New York: Sheed and Ward, 1934; Freeport: Books for Libraries Press, 1966. Also published in: Tradition Alive: On the Church and the Christian Life in Our Time: Readings from the Eastern Church. Edited by Michael Plekon. Rowman & Littlefield, 2003, pp. 83–92.

‘Unifying Christians of the East and the West.’ Translated by Michael Knechten from ‘Von der Vereinigung der Christen des Ostens und des Westens.’ In Ähren aus der Garbe. Mainz: Matthias Gruenewald, 1926, pp. 185–200. [K. 73bis,1] “>http://www.chebucto.ns.ca/Philosophy/Sui-Generis/Berdyaev/essays/unifying.htm. The Russian original was not published but was translated into German by Reinhold von Walter.


‘Orthodoxy and Ecumenism.’ Translated by Michael Knetchen from Ortodoxie und Œkumeniztät.’ In Dies Ostkirche. Una Sancta. Stuttgart: Frommanns, 1927, pp. 3–16. [K. 328a] “>http://www.chebucto.ns.ca/Philosophy/Sui-Generis/Berdyaev/essays/orth328.htm. The Russian original was not published but was translated into German by W.A. Unkrig.

‘Studies Concerning Jacob Boehme. Étude 2. The Teaching on Sophia and the Androgyne: J. Boehme and the Russian Sophiological Current.’ Translated by Stephan Janos from ‘Из этюдов о ЯК. Беме. Этюд II. Учение о Софии и андрогине. Я. Беме и русские софиологические течения.’ Путь, no. 21 (Apr., 1930): 34–62. [K. 351] http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1930_351.html . See also: ‘The Doctrine of Sophia.’ In The Divine Couple: Selections from the Mystical-Alchemical Treatises of Jacob Boehme and Disciples […]. Edited by R. J. Faas. St. Paul: Grailstine, 2001.


‘Communist Secularism.’ In Christianity and the Crisis. Edited by P. Dearmer. London: Gollancz, 1933, 565–84.

‘Universality and Confessionalism.’ Translated by Stephan Janos from ‘Вселенскость и конфессионализм.’ In Христианское воссоединение: экуменическая проблема в православном сознании. Paris: YMCA-Press, 1933, pp. 63–81. [K. 64,1] http://www.chebucto.ns.ca/Philosophy/Sui-Generis/Berdyaev/essays/uc.htm.


‘The Brotherhood of Man and the Religions.’ In Faith and Fellowship: Proceedings of the World Congress of Faiths, 3–17 July 1936. Edited by Douglas. Millard, 75–84. London, 1936. From unpublished text ‘Братство людей и религии.’ [K. 420]


‘My Philosophic World–Outlook.’ Extract translated by Stephan Janos. http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1952_476.html . First published in German as ‘Die philosophische Weltschaung.’ In Philosophen Lexicon (1937). Russian text first published as ‘Философское миросозерцание Н. А. Бердяева.’ Вестник РСХД, no. 4–5 (1952): 15–21. [K. 476]


‘The Voice of Conscience from Another World: An Introduction.’ In Essays from Tula, by Leo Tolstoy. Translated by Evgeny Lampert. London: Sheppard Press, 1948, 9–18. [K. 46,1]



‘Concerning Earthly and Heavenly Utopianism (As Regards the Book of Prince Evgenii Trubetskoy, The World Concept of Vl. Solov’ev).’ Translated by Stephan Janos from О земном и небесном утопизме (Кн. Е. Трубецкой: Миросозерцание Вл. Соловьева). Русская мысл (Sep., 1913): 46–54. [K. 170] http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1913_170.html .

‘Quenchers of the Spirit.’ Translated by Stephan Janos from ‘Гасители Духа.’ Русская молва, no. 232 (Aug., 1913). [K. 172] http://www.chebucto.ns.ca/Philosophy/Sui-Generis/Berdyaev/essays/gasiteli.htm.


‘The Apotheosis of Russian Lethargy (Rozanov).’ Translated by Stephan Janos from ‘Апопхеоз Русской лени.’ Биржевые ведомостиъ, no. 15690 (28 Jul., 1916). [K. 234] http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1916_234.html .

‘The Prophecies of N. F. Fedorov Concerning the War.’ Translated by Stephan Janos from ‘Пророчества Н. Ф. Федорова о войне.’ Биржевые ведомости, no 15027 (15 August 1915). [K. 204] http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1915_204.html .

‘The Religion of Resuscitative Resurrection. Review of The Philosophy of the Common Task by N. F. Fedorov.’ Translated by Stephan Janos from ‘Религия воскрешения (Н. Ф. Федорова).’ Русская Мысль, (Jul., 1915): 76–120. [K. 186] http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1915_186.html . See also: ‘The Religion of ‘Resurrection: N. F. Fedorov’s “Philosophy of the Common Task”’, Translated by Stephen D. Shenfield. Russian Studies in Philosophy 47, no. 2 (2008): 65–103.

‘Spiritual Christianity and Sectarianism in Russia.’ Translated by Stephan Janos from ‘Духовное христианство и сектантство в России’ Русская Мысль (Nov., 1916). [K. 252a] http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1916_252a.html .


‘Khomyakov and Fr. Florensky.’ Translated by Stephan Janos from ‘Хомяков и Свящ. Флоренский.’ Русская Мысль (Feb., 1917): 72–81. [K. 257] http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1917_257.html .


‘The Revelation about Man in the Creativity of Dostoevsky.’ Translated by Stephan Janos from ‘Откровение о человеке в творчестве Достоевского.’ Русская Мысль (Mar./Apr., 1918): 39–61. [K. 294] http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1918_294.html .

‘Spirits of the Russian Revolution (Gogol, Dostoevsky, L. Tolstoy).’ Translated by Stephan Janos from ‘Духи русской революции.’ Русская Мысль (Jul., 1918): 39–73. [K. 299] http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1918_299.html . Reprinted in Out of the Depths. (De Profundis): A Collection of Articles on the Russian Revolution. Translated and edited by William F. Woehrlin. Irvine: Schlacks, 1986, 67–106.


‘The Idea of God-Manhood in Vl. Solov’ev (On the Occasion of 25 Years from the Day of his Death).’ Translated by Stephan Janos from ‘Идея богочеловечества у Вл. Соловьева.’ Перезвон, no. 7/8 (1925): 180–2, and no. 9 (1925): 240. [K. 307] http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1925_307.html .

‘The Jewish Question, as a Christian Question.’ Translated by Stephan Janos from ‘Еврейский вопрос как вопрос христиански.’ Руль (Berlin), no.s 999–1000 (18–19 March 1924). [K. 301] http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1924_301.html .

‘The Kingdom of God and the Kingdom of Caesar.’ Translated by Stephan Janos from ‘Тсарство Божие и Тсарство Кесаря.’ Путь, no. 1 (Sep., 1925): 31–52. http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1925_303.html . [K. 303]

‘Neothomism.’ Translated by Stephan Janos from ‘Неотомизм.’ Путь, no. 1 (Sep., 1925): 169–171. http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1925_304.html . [K. 304]

‘The Spiritual Tasks of the Russian Emigration.’ Translated by Stephan Janos from ‘Духовные задачи русской эмиграции,’ Путь, no. 1 (Sep., 1925): 3–8. [K. 302] http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1925_302.html .


‘Book Review: New Books about Jacob Boehme.’ Translated by Stephan Janos from ‘Новия книги о Якове Беме.’ Путь, no. 5 (Oct./Nov., 1926): 119–22. [K. 316] http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1926_316.html .

‘Discord in the Church and Freedom of Conscience.’ Translated by Alvian N. Smirensky from ‘Церковная смута и свобода совести,’ Путь, no. 5 (Oct./Nov., 1926): 42–54. [K. 315] http://krotov.info/library/02_b/berdyaev/1926_315_eng.html .

‘The Nightmare of an Evil Good: Concerning the Book of I. Ilyin, About The Resistance to Evil by Force.’ Translated by Stephan Janos from ‘Кошмар злого добра. [О книге И. Ильина. ‘О сопротивлении злу силою.’ Путь, no. 4 (Jun./Jul., 1926): 103–16. [K. 312] http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1926_312.html .

‘Salvation and Creativity: Two Understandings of Christianity.’ Translated by Stephan Janos from ‘Спасение и творчество. Два понимания христианства. Посвящается памяти Владимира Соловьева.’ Путь, no. 2 (Jan., 1926): 26–46. [K. 308] http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1926_308.html .


‘A Conference in Austria.’ Translated by Stephan Janos from ‘Съезд в Австрии.’ Путь, no. 50 (Aug., 1927): 131–3. [K. 323] http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1927_323.html .

‘A Consideration Concerning Theodicy.’ Translated by Stephan Janos from ‘Из размышлений о теодицее.’ Путь, no. 7 (Apr., 1927): 50–62. [K. 321] http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1927_321.html .

‘Death–Idolatry: The Root of all Heresies, Divisive and Destructive of the True Teaching of the Church: Dogmatic Sketches: 1926.’ Translated by Stephan Janos from ‘Смертобожничество. Корен ересеи, разделении и изврасчении истиннаго учения тсеркви; Догматические очерки: 1926.’ Путь, no. 7 (Apr., 1927): 122–4. [K. —] http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1927_xxx.html .

‘The Letters of Nikolaj Berdjajew to Fritz Lieb [1928–1939].’ 38 letters translated from the original German by Klaus Bambauer. http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/bambauer/Fritz_Lieb.html .

‘Marcionism.’ Translated by Stephan Janos from ‘Маркионизм.’ Путь, no. 12 (Aug., 1928): 122–4. [K. 336] http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1928_336.html .

‘The Metaphysical Problem of Freedom.’ Translated by Stephan Janos from ‘Метафизическая проблема свободы.’ Путь, no. 9 (Jan.1928): 41–53. [K. 329] http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1928_329.html .

‘Obscuratism.’ Translated by Stephan Janos from ‘Обскуратизм.’ Путь, no. 13 (Oct., 1928): 19–36. [K. 327] http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1928_337.html .

‘Three Jubilees: L. Tolstoy, H. Ibsen, N. F. Fedorov.’ Translated by Stephan Janos from ‘Три юбилея: Л. Толстой, Генрих Ибсен, Н. Федоров.’ Путь, no. 11 (Jun., 1928): 76–94. [K. 333] http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1928_333.html . Also published in part as: ‘N. F. Federov.’ Russian Review 9, no. 2 (April 1950): 123–30. (Translator not stated) and as: ‘Henrik Ibsen.’ Translated by James Gail Sheldon. Cross Currents (New York) 5, no. 2 (1955): 171–6.

‘The Scientific Discipline of Religion and Christian Apologetics.’ Translated by Stephan Janos from ‘Наука о религии и христианская апологетика.’ Путь, no. 6 (1927): 50–68. [K. 318] http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1927_318.html .


‘Concerning Sophiology (Archpriest Sergii Bulgakov. Jacob’s Ladder. Concerning Angels). Translated by Stephan Janos from ‘О сопхиология.’ Путь, no. 16 (May, 1929): 95–9. [K. 343] http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1929_343.html .

‘A New Book about J. Boehme (A. Koyre. La Philosophie de Jacob Boehme. Paris: Librarie Philosophique I. Vrin, 1929.)’ Translated by Stephan Janos from ‘Новая книга о ЯК. Беме.’ Путь, no. 18 (Sep., 1929): 116–22. [K. 347] http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1929_347.html .

[Review of] Paradise on Earth. Towards an Ideology of the Creativity of M. F. Dostoevsky, F. M. Dostoevsky and N. F. Fedorov, 1929, by A. K. Gornostaev.’ Translated by Stephan Janos from ‘А. Горностаев: Рай на земле.’ Путь, no. 19 (Nov., 1929): 114–6. [K. 348] http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1929_348.html .

‘The Tree of Life and the Tree of Knowledge (On the Scales of Job: A Peripateia of Souls, by L. Shestov).’ Paris: Sovremenniya Zapiski, 1929.’ Translated by Stephan Janos from ‘Древо жизни и древо познания.’ Путь, no. 18 (Sep., 1929): 88–106. [K. 346] http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1929_346.html .


‘Concerning the Character of the Russian Religious Thought of the XIX Century.’ Translated by Stephan Janos from ‘О характере русской религиозной мысли XIX-го века.’ Современные записки, no. 42 (1930): 309–43. [K. 345] http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1930_345.html .

‘East and West [Lecture].’ Translated by Stephan Janos from Путь, no. 23 (Aug., 1930): 97–109. [K. 353] http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1930_353.html .

‘In Memory of Prince G. N. Trubetskoy.’ Translated by Stephan Janos from ‘Памяти Кн. Г. Н. Трубецкого.’ Путь, no. 21 (Apr., 1931): 94–6. [K. 352] http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1930_352.html .

‘Studies Concerning Jacob Boehme. Étude 1. The Teaching on Ungrund and Freedom.’ Translated by Stephan Janos from: ‘Из этюдов О Я. Беме. Этюд I. Учение об Ungrund’e и свободе.’ Путь, no. 20 (Feb., 1930): 47–79. [K. 349] http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1930_349.html . Also published as: ‘Ungrund and Freedom.’ Introductory essay to Jakob Böhme, Six Theosophic Points and other Writings. Translated by John Rolleston Earle. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1958.


‘The Crisis of Christianity.’ Christendom 2 (1937): 228–40. From: ‘Кризис Кхристианства и Кризис Культуры.’ Вестник РСХД, no. 8–9 (Aug./Sep., 1931): 12–19. [K. 365]

‘In Defence of A. Blok.’ Translated by Stephan Janos from ‘В защиту А. Блок.’ Путь, no. 26 (Feb., 1931): 109–13. [K. 358] http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1931_358.html .

‘The Problem of Christian Culture in Orthodox Consciousness.’ Fellowship Journal 14 (1931): 263–9. From unpublished text ‘Проблема христианской культуры в православном сознании.’ [K. 360] See also Christendom 1, no. 4 (1931): 263–68.

‘The Spiritual Condition of the Contemporary World.’ Report read in May 1931 at a session of the leaders of the World Christian Federation in Bad Bol, Germany. Translated by Stephan Janos from ‘Духовное состояние современного мира.’ Путь, no. 25 (Sep., 1932): 56–68. [K. 377] http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1932_377.html . Also published as ‘The Spiritual State of the World Today.’ Religion in Life 17, no. 4 (Autumn, 1948): 503–16. Translated by Hélène Iswolsky.

‘Utopia Come True.’ Living Age 341 (1931): 155–58. Translated from Münchner Neueste Nachrichten. https://archive.org/details/sim_living-age_1931-10_341_4381/page/154/.


‘Garrigou–Lagrange, OP: La Providence et la confiance en Dieu.’ Translated into English by Stephan Janos. Путь, no 35 (Sep., 1932): 97–99. [K. 378] http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1932_378.html .

‘The Two Concepts of Christianity (Regarding the Disputes about the Old and the New within Christianity).’ Translated by Stephan Janos from ‘Два понимания Кхристианства (К спорам о старом и новом в Кхристианстве).’ Путь (Dec., 1932): 17–32. [K. 379] http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1932_379.html .


‘The Christian Doctrine of Human Association.’ Christendom 3, no. 10 (1933): 93–104. From the unpublished text: ‘Христианское учение о человеческой ассоциации.’ [K. 389]

‘Christianity and Communism.’ Commonweal 18, no. 19 (8 Sep., 1933): 440–42.

‘A Critical Note of Dr J Hecker’s Moscow Dialogues.’ Christendom 5, no. 2 (1933): 315–19. From unpublished text: ‘Ответ J. Hecker по поводу его книги Moscow Dialogues.’ [K. 390]

‘[Review of] Martin Buber. Die Chassidischen Buecher; Ich und Du; Zwiespreche; Koenigtum Gottes. I.’ Translated by Stephan Janos from Путь, no. 38 (May, 1933): 87–91. [K. 385] http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1933_385.html .

‘Young France and Social Justice.’ Dublin Review 196, no. 392 (Jan.–Mar., 1935): 37–46. From: ‘Журнал Esprit и дукховно-сотсиальные искания Франтсузскои молодежи’, Путь, no. 39 (Jun., 1933): 78–82. [K. 386]


‘About the New Christian Spirituality.’ Sobornost’ 25 (Sep., 1934): 36–40. From unpublished text ‘О новой христианской духовности.’ [K. 396]

‘Knowledge and Communion (N. N. Alekseev).’ Translated by Stephan Janos from Познание и общение. Ответ Н. Н. Алексееву.’ Путь, no. 44 (Jul./Sep., 1934): 44–9. [K. 392] http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1934_392.html .

‘The Metamorphosis of Marxism.’ New Blackfriars 15, no. 167 (Feb., 1934): 117–28. Also in: American Review 3 (1934): 501–15.

‘Polytheism and Nationalism.’ Translated by Stephan Janos from ‘Многобожие и натсионализм.’ Путь, no. 43 (Apr./Jun., 1934): 3–16. [K. 391] http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1934_391.html .


‘Can Man Survive?’ Translated by William H. Dunphy.
1. ‘The Breakdown of the Humanistic Theory of Progress.’ The Living Church 92 (1935): 97–99.
2. ‘The Decadence of Liberty.’ The Living Church 92 (1935): 133–35.

‘Eternity and Time.’ Translated by Stephan Janos from ‘Вечность и время.’ Вестник РСХД, no. 3 (1935). [K. 399] http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1935_399.html .

‘Further on Christian Pessimism and Optimism (reply to Archpriest S. Chetverikov).’ Translated by Stephan Janos from ‘Еще о христианском пессимизме и оптимизме. (Ответ прот. С. Четверикову.’ Путь, no. 48 (Jul./Sep., 1935): 69–72. [K. 401] http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1935_401.html . See also: ‘On Christian Pessimism . . . (below).

‘Marxism and the Conception of Personality.’ Christendom 5, no. 2 (1935): 251–62. Translated from ‘Персонализм и Марксизм’ Путь, no. 48 (Jul./Sep., 1935): 3–19. [K. 400] Separate more recent translation by Stephan Janos: ‘Personalism and Marxism.’ http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1935_400.html . See also: ‘Human Personality and Marxism.’ In François Mauriac. Communism and Christians. London: Paladin, 1938; Westminster: Newman Press, 1949, pp. 200–7. Translated from French by J. F. Scanlon.

‘On Christian Pessimism and Optimism (Regarding a Letter of Archpriest Sergii Chetverikov)’ Translated by Stephan Janos from ‘О христианском пессимизме и оптимизме: По поводу письма протоиерея Сергия Четверикова.’ Путь, no. 46 (Jan./Mar., 1935): 31–6. [K. 397] http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1935_397.html . Reprinted in: Christendom 1 (1936): 417–27, and in Contemporary Thinking about Jesus: An Anthology. Compiled by Thomas S. Kepler, 209–16. New York, Abingdon–Cokesbury Press, 1944. See also: ‘Further on Christian Pessimism . . . (above).

‘The Russian Spiritual Renaissance of Beginning XX Century and the Journal Put’ (For the Decade Anniversary of Put’).’ Translated by Stephan Janos from ‘Русский духовный ренессанс начала xx века и журнал Путь.’ Путь, no. 49 (Oct./Dec., 1935): 3–22. [K. 403] http://www.chebucto.ns.ca/Philosophy/Sui-Generis/Berdyaev/essays/rsr.htm.

‘The Spirit of the Grand Inquisitor (Regarding Ukaz of Metropolitan Sergei condemning the Theological Views of Fr. S. Bulgakov).’ Translated by Stephan Janos from ‘Дукх великого инквизитора (По поводу указа митрополита Сергия, осуждаиусчего богословские взгляды о. С. Булгакова).’ Путь, no. 49 (Oct., Dec., 1935): 72–81. [K. 404] http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1935_404.html .


‘Concerning Authority, Freedom and Humanness (V. Lossky / Chetverikov).’ Translated by Stephan Janos from ‘Об авторитете, Свободе и Человечности.’ Путь, no. 50 (Mar/Apr., 1936): 37–49. [K. 409] http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1936_409.html .

‘In Memory of Georgii Ivanovich Chelpanov.’ Translated by Stephan Janos from ‘Памяти Георгия Ивановича Челпанова.’ Путь, no. 50 (Mar./Apr., 1936): 56–7. [K. 411] http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1936_411.html .

‘Lev Shestov: On Occasion of His 70th Year.’ Translated by Stephan Janos from ‘Лев Шестов: по случаи его семидесятилетия.’ Путь, no. 50 (Mar/Apr., 1936): 50–2. [K. 410] http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1936_410.html .

‘The Problem of Man: Towards the Construction of a Christian Anthropology.’ Translated by Stephan Janos from ‘Проблема человека. К построению христианской антропологии.’ Путь, no. 50 (Mar./Apr., 1936): 3–26. [K. 408] http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/ 1936_408.html .

‘Spiritual Dualism and Daily Bread.’ American Scholar 7, no. 2 (1939): 223–29. Translated by Donald Lowrie from ‘Неогуманизм, Марксизм и Дукховные ценност.’ Современные Записки, 1936, no. 60, p. (1936): 319–24. [K. 418]

‘War and the Christian Conscience.’ Sobornost’, no. 2 (1936): 5–12. Republished as Pax Pamphlet no. 2, Cambridge: James Clarke & Co, 1938. From unpublished text ‘Христианская совесть и диалектика войны.’ [K. 421]


‘Concerning Fanaticism, Orthodoxy and Truth.’ Translated by Stephan Janos from ‘О фанатизме, ортодоксии и истине.’ Русские записки, no. 1 (1937): 180–191. [K. 430] http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1937_430.html .

‘In Memory of Andrei Fedorovich Karpov.’ Translated by Stephan Janos from ‘Памяти Андрея Федоровича Карпова.’ Путь, no. 54 (Aug./Dec., 1937): 72–3. [K. 426] http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1937_426.html .

‘Is Russia Going Fascist? Christian Science Monitor. 17 Feb., 1937, 1–2.

‘Orthodoxy and Humanity’, [Review of] The Ways of Russian Theology, by Georgii Florovsky. Translated by Stephan Janos from ‘Ортодоксия и человечност (Георгии Флоровскии. Пути русского богословия).’ Путь, no. 53 (Apr./Jul., 1937): 53–65. [K. 424] http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1937_424.html .

[Review of] Essai sur l’esprit d’Orthodoxie, by Jean Grenier. Translated by Stephan Janos from Путь, no. 57 (Aug./Oct., 1938): 84–6. [K. 435] http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1938_435.html .

‘The Fundamental Idea of the Philosophy of Lev Shestov.’ Translated by Stephan Janos from ‘Основная идея пhилосопhии Л’ва Шестова’ Путь, no. 58 (Nov./Jan., 1938–39): 44–8. [K. 439] http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1938_439.html .

‘Marx Versus Man.’ Religion in Life 7, no, 4 (Autumn 1938): 483–96. Translated by Donald A. Lowrie. Reprinted in: Russian Philosophy vol. 3 Pre-revolutionary philosophy and theology. Philosophers in exile. Marxists and communists. Edited by James M. Edie, James P. Scanlan, Mary-Barbara Zeldin with the collaboration of George L. Kline. Chicago, Quadrangle books, 1965.

‘Spiritual Dualism and Daily Bread.’ Translated by Donald Lowrie. American Scholar 7, no. 2 (Spring 1938): 223–9.

‘The Crime of Anti–Semitism.’ Commonweal 29, no. 26 (21 Apr., 1939): 706–9.

‘Does There Exist Freedom of Thought and Conscience in Orthodoxy?’ Translated by Stephan Janos from ‘Существует ли в православии свобода мысли и совести?’ Путь, no. 59 (Feb./Apr., 1939): 46–54. [K. 441] http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1939_441.html .

‘Fatality or Faith?’ Christian Century 56, no.19 (10 May, 1939): 603–4.

‘In Memory of Pope Pius XI.’ Translated by Stephan Janos from ‘Памяти Папы Пия XI.’ Путь, no. 59 (Feb./Apr., 1939). [K. 442] http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1939_442.html.

‘The Paradox of the Lie.’ Translated by Stephan Janos from ‘Парадокс лжи.’ Современные записки 69 (1939). http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1939_xxx.html . Also published as ‘The Paradox of Falsehood.’ Christendom (1939): 494–501.

‘[Review of] Unfathomable [Nepostizhimoe], by S. L. Frank.’ Translated by Stephan Janos from ‘С. Л. Франк: Непостижимое.’ Путь, no. 60 (May/Sep., 1939): 65–7. [K. 446] http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1939_446.html .

‘War and Eschatology.’ Translated by Stephan Janos from ‘Война и эсхатология.’ Путь, no. 61 (Oct., 1939 / Mar., 1940): 3–14. [K. 452] http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1939_452.html .


‘Attitudes Toward the Revolution: The Evolution of ‘Nationalism’ and of ‘Internationalism.’ Commonweal 42, no. 24 (28 Sep., 1945): 570–72. Translated from ‘Преврасчения ‘натсионализма’ и ‘интернатсионализма.’ Русский Патриот, no. 16 (10 Feb., 1945). [K. 455]

‘The Crisis of Man in the Modern World.’ Address given at Chatham House, 6 June 1947. International Affairs 24, no. 1 (1948): 100–106. From an unpublished text: ‘Кризис человека в современном мире.’ [K. 472]

‘In Memory of Romain Rolland.’ Translated by Stephan Janos from ‘Памяти Ромена Роллана.’ Русскии Патриот, no, 13 (20 Jan., 1945). [K. 454] http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1945_454.html

‘The Person and the Communal Spirit in the Conscience of the Russian People.’ Transformation 4 (1947): 7–23. From unpublished text ‘Личность и общинность в русском сознании. [K. 457]; first published in French in Cahiers de la nouvelle epoque, no. 1 (1945). Also included in Towards a New Epoch. London: Bles, 1949.

‘Russia and the New World Era.’ The Russian Review 7, no. 2 (1948): 3–14. Translated from French by Marie-Louise Hall from ‘La Russie et la nouvelle époque mondiale.’ In Au Seuil de la nouvelle époque. Paris: Delachaux et Niestlé, 1947. [K. 80,12]


‘The Crisis of European Consciousness.’ Translated by Evgeny Lampert. The Living Church 116, no. 7 (15 Feb., 1948): 11–13.

‘Christianity and Anti–Semitism.’ Blackfriars 29, no. 343 (1948): 451–65. Translated by Alan A. Spears from the French version by Princess Theodore and approved by the author for publication. Republished in Cross Currents (University of North Carolina) 1, no. 1 (1950): 43–54. Further published as Christianity and Anti–Semitism, 1–30, translated by Alan A. Spears and V. B. Kanter, with a commentary and notes by Spears [31–58]. Aldington: Hand and Flower Press, 1952 and New York: Philosophical Library, 1954. First published as Христианство и антисемитизм. Религиозная судьба еврейства. Paris. Религиозно-филосоФскои академии, 1938. [K. 35] and in Путь, no. 56 (May/Jun., 1938): 3–18. [K. 432]

‘The Unity of Christendom in the Strife Between East and West.’ Ecumenical Review 1, no. 1 (Autumn 1948): 14–24.


‘Political Testament.’ World Review n.s., no.2 (March 1949): 32–37, 80. Translated by Evgeny Lampert. {K. 478b] From a Russian text later published as ‘Третий исход.’ Новый журнал, 1953, n° 33, р. 271-280. http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/berd_lib/1949_478b.pdf


The Truth of Orthodoxy.’ The Student World 21 (1958): 249–63. Translated by Alvian Smirensky from ‘Истина православия.’ Вестник рус. зап.-Европейского Патриаршего Экзархата, n.s. no. 11 (Jul., 1952): 4–10. [K. 477]. This translation also published in The Wheel 8 (Winter 2017): 47–53. See also translation by A.S. III at http://www.chebucto.ns.ca/Philosophy/Sui-Generis/Berdyaev/essays/orthodox.htm.

‘The Spirit of Orthodoxy.’ Sourozh—A Journal of Orthodox Life and Thought 1, 3ff., (Aug., 1980).

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